Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop outside or inside the uterus during a woman's childbearing years, according to Medline Plus 12. Medically, they are sometimes referred to as leiomyomas, myomas or fibromyomas. Fibroids are generally harmless and can be shrunk or removed with medications or surgery, but there are side effects associated with fibroids.
Pelvic pain, back pain or pressure within the lower extremities are symptoms of fibroids, according to the Medline Plus 1. Different types of uterine fibroids can cause varying degrees of pain and discomfort 124. Large fibroids might produce pressure or pelvic pain, while a dying or degenerating fibroid can cause pain, pressure and fever. Fibroid degeneration means that a fibroid is dying because it no longer has a blood supply. A pedunculated fibroid that develops within the uterus stalk can twist and cause severe pain.
- Pelvic pain, back pain or pressure within the lower extremities are symptoms of fibroids, according to the Medline Plus 1.
- Large fibroids might produce pressure or pelvic pain, while a dying or degenerating fibroid can cause pain, pressure and fever.
Glycerine Vs. Glycol
Fibroids can cause irregular menstrual symptoms such as heavy bleeding, prolonged menstrual period and spotting between cycles. Heavy bleeding also can lead to anemia, in which a person's red blood cells become reduced, leading to severe fatigue.
According to Uterine Fibroid Education, subserosal fibroids that develop and protrude outside the uterus can create pressure on the bladder, causing urgent or frequent urination 123. The patient also will experience discomfort, gas and constipation if the fibroid presses on the rectum. The University of Michigan Medical Center explains that women typically struggle with urinary incontinence, urine leaks and constipation 4.
Pregnancy and Fertility
Bloating & Fibroids
The University of Michigan Medical Center reports that fibroids can create difficulties for women who want to become pregnant 4. Fibroids also can create problems during pregnancy, including miscarriages, early labor and delivery, or excessively bleeding after the birth. In addition, the baby's position for delivery might create problems.
Hemorrhoids and bloating can be caused by fibroids, according to Uterine Fibroid Education 123. Typically, large fibroids might create swollen abdomens that cause women to appear pregnant. The University of Michigan Medical Center explains that fibroids do not increase a patient's cancer risk and cancer does not develop in existing fibroids 4.
Glycerine Vs. Glycol
Bloating & Fibroids
Symptoms of Lumbar Hemangioma
Chronic Endometritis Symptoms
Signs of Fibroid Shrinkage
Complications of Hiatal Hernia Surgery
Signs of Fibroid Degeneration
What Are the Dangers of Uterine Fibroids?
Symptoms of Groin Hernia in Male
Flaxseed for Fibroids
- Medline Plus: Uterine Fibroids
- Womens Health: Uterine Fibroids
- Uterine Fibroid Education: The Cause of Uterine Fibroid Tumors
- University of Michigan: Uterine Fibroids
- de la Cruz MS, Buchannan EM. Uterine fibroids: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Jan 15;95(2):100-107.
- Gurusamy KS, Vaughan J, Fraser IS, Best LM, Richards T. Medical therapies for uterine fibroids - a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLoS ONE. 2016;11(2):e0149631. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149631
- Donnez J, Dolmans MM. Uterine fibroid management: from the present to the future. Hum Reprod Update. 2016;22(6):665–686. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmw023
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Uterine Fibroids.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. Uterine Fibroids.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Uterine Fibroids fact sheet.
- Lippman, SA et al. Uterine Fibroids and Gynecologic Pain Symptoms in a Population-Based Study. Fertility and Sterility. 2003 Dec;80(6):1488-94
Lee has been writing freelance articles since 2001. His articles have appeared in various newspapers, magazines and online publications such as "Orleans Daily" and the "Audubon Health Review." He holds a Master of Science in nursing administration from Tulane University.