Dianabol is the commercial name of methandrostenolone, a type of oral anabolic steroid. Methandrostenolone is a synthetic version of the hormone testosterone that is responsible for the development of male reproductive organs and male secondary sexual characteristics. Anabolic steroids such as Dianabol promote muscle growth and other male characteristics, and are sometimes abused by athletes seeking to improve athletic ability. Dianabol and other anabolic steroids can cause severe side effects, however.
Dianabol and other anabolic steroids can cause dangerous cardiovascular risks. The steroid increases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which known as the LDL or "bad" cholesterol, and decreases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which is referred to as HDL or "good" cholesterol, reports the National Institute on Drug Abuse 1. Dianabol can also cause high blood pressure. These changes to cholesterol and blood pressure increase the risk of heart attack and other heart diseases. Enlargement of the left ventricle of the heart has also been linked to steroid abuse.
- Dianabol and other anabolic steroids can cause dangerous cardiovascular risks.
- These changes to cholesterol and blood pressure increase the risk of heart attack and other heart diseases.
Changes to Appearance
What are the Functions of Lipid Steroids?
Steroids such as Dianabol often cause cases of severe acne, according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration 2. Abuse of Dianabol can also cause an oily scalp and thinning of the hair, leading to male-pattern baldness in men and women. In men, Dianabol can cause breast growth and shrinking or atrophy of the testicles. Women who abuse Dianabol can develop excess body hair growth, deepening of the voice and enlargement of the clitoris.
- Steroids such as Dianabol often cause cases of severe acne, according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration 2.
- Abuse of Dianabol can also cause an oily scalp and thinning of the hair, leading to male-pattern baldness in men and women.
The abuse of steroids has been linked to several effects on mood and emotional states. Extreme mood swings, such as mania, rage and aggression that lead to violent outbursts can result from steroid use, reports the National Institute on Drug Abuse 1. Other effects include irritability, nervousness, depression and delusions, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration explains 2.
Additional Side Effects
Stanazol Side Effects
Dianabol can also cause liver damage or liver cancer, leading to a yellowing of the skin and eyes known as jaundice. If adolescents abuse Dianabol or other steroids, they may suffer from impaired growth, leading to a short stature later in life. Reduced sexual activity and sterility may also result. Dizziness, headache and nausea have also been reported as side effects, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal.
- Dianabol can also cause liver damage or liver cancer, leading to a yellowing of the skin and eyes known as jaundice.
- If adolescents abuse Dianabol or other steroids, they may suffer from impaired growth, leading to a short stature later in life.
What are the Functions of Lipid Steroids?
Stanazol Side Effects
Drugs That Could Cause Gynecomastia
The Long-Term Effects of Steroids
Emotional Side Effects of Steroids
Stanabol Side Effects
Side Effects of MDMA
DHEA Harmful Effects
What Causes Lip Hair Growth?
What Herbs Interact With Paxil?
- National Institute on Drug Abuse: What are the Health Consequences of Seroid Abuse?
- U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration: Steroid Abuse in Today's Society
- "British Medical Journal": Anabolic Steroids in Athelics: Crossover Double-Blind Trial on Weightlifters; May 1975
- Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. Drug Guide: Steroids. Published online, no date.
- Basaria S, Wahlstrom JT, Dobs AS. Clinical review 138: Anabolic-androgenic steroid therapy in the treatment of chronic diseases. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001;86(11):5108-17. doi:10.1210/jcem.86.11.7983
- Drug Enforcement Administration, Diversion Control Division. Rules 2005: Implementation of the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004. FR Doc 05-23907, December 16, 2005. 70(241)74653-74658. From the Federal Register Online. DOCID:fr16de05-7
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA issues warning about body-building products labeled to contain steroid and steroid-like substances. Updated online, June, 20, 2017.
- Drug Enforcement Administration, Diversion Control Division. Steroid Abuse in Today's Society: A Guide for Understanding Steroids and Related Substances. Published online, March 2004.
- Christou MA, Christou PA, Markozannes G, Tsatsoulis A, Mastorakos G, Tigas S. Effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids on the Reproductive System of Athletes and Recreational Users: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2017;47(9):1869-1883. doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0709-z
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Steroids and Other Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drugs (APEDs). Published online, updated February 21, 2018.
- Pope HG, Kouri EM, Hudson JI. Effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on mood and aggression in normal men: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of general psychiatry. Feb 1, 2000;57(2):133-40.
- Kanayama G, Brower KJ, Wood RI, Hudson JI, Pope HG. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: an emerging disorder. Addiction. 2009;104(12):1966-78. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02734.x
- Goldberg L, Elliot D, Clarke GN, MacKinnon DP, Moe E, Zoref L, Green C, Wolf SL, Greffrath E, Miller DJ, Lapin A. Effects of a multidimensional anabolic steroid prevention intervention: The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) Program. JAMA. 1996 Nov 20;276(19):1555-62.
- Elliot DL, Goldberg L. Athletes targeting healthy exercise and nutrition alternatives. Handbook of prevention and intervention programs for adolescent girls. 2008:206.
- U.S. National Library of Medicine. Anabolic steroids. MedlinePlus. Reviewed August 18, 2014.
- UK National Health Service. Anabolic steroid misuse. Choices: Your health, your choices. Published August 2013
Matthew Busse has pursued professional health and science writing since 2007, writing for national publications including "Science Magazine," "New Scientist" and "The Scientist." Busse holds a doctorate in molecular biology from the University of California-San Diego.