Steroid drugs are a class of synthetic compounds that act to mimic hormones that occur naturally within the body, such as testosterone. There are three major types of steroids: anabolic, androgenic and corticosteroids. Androgenic steroids and corticosteroids are typically utilized in the treatment of a number of medical conditions. Anabolic steroids, which may be used to treat certain medical conditions, are the type of steroids abused by some athletes and weightlifters. Long-term use of steroids can have several consequences.
If steroids are taken as prescribed or abused for an extended period of time, certain people may have problems involving growth and development. Children in particular are at an increased risk of severe growth inhibition, which may delay the onset of puberty or can influence growth factors such as height.
Side Effects of Dianabol
People who take prescription steroids or abuse steroids may experience an increase in body weight. Steroids may influence the levels of salt or water that the body retains and can cause increased amount of fat to build up around the face, stomach or upper back, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Steroids can also stimulate your appetite, which may cause you to eat more food than your body needs.
- People who take prescription steroids or abuse steroids may experience an increase in body weight.
- Steroids can also stimulate your appetite, which may cause you to eat more food than your body needs.
Legitimate or illegal use of steroids may cause a number of behavioral changes to occur in certain people. Severe mood swings—which may include episodes of depression, irritability, hostility or aggression—may severely impact the social and work relationships of people who use steroids.
Stanabol Side Effects
In certain people, steroid use can cause chronically high levels of blood sugar to circulate throughout the body. High blood sugar levels may lead to the development of diabetes in certain people. Diabetes is a medical condition characterized by the inability of the body to effectively regulate blood sugar levels.
Liver and Heart Damage
Long-term side effects of steroid use may include liver or heart damage in certain people, according to the Office of National Drug Control Policy 2. Men and women who use steroids are at an increased risk of heart attack, high cholesterol levels and liver cancer. Certain people who take steroids may also develop high blood pressure or jaundice.
Sexual and Reproductive Disorders
Steroid use may lead to a number of sexual and reproductive disorders in both men and women. The U.S. Department of Justice Office of Diversion Control notes that men who take steroids may experience long-term side effects such as a decreased sex drive, diminished sperm count, breast and prostate enlargement, decreased hormone levels or sterility 1. Women who use steroids may experience irregular menstrual cycles or infertility. Some women may begin to develop masculine qualities, such as facial hair or a permanently deepened voice.
- Steroid use may lead to a number of sexual and reproductive disorders in both men and women.
- The U.S. Department of Justice Office of Diversion Control notes that men who take steroids may experience long-term side effects such as a decreased sex drive, diminished sperm count, breast and prostate enlargement, decreased hormone levels or sterility 1.
Side Effects of Dianabol
Stanabol Side Effects
Side Effects of Stanozolol
Stanazol Side Effects
Ritalin and Metabolism
Adrenal Gland Disorders & Excessive Sweating
Extreme Effects of Effexor & Ritalin
Drugs That May Cause Muscle Weakness Or Wasting
DHEA Harmful Effects
Clenbuterol Side Effects on Women
- U.S. Department of Justice: A Guide for Understanding Steroids and Related Substances
- Office of National Drug Control Policy: Steroid Facts and Figures - Health Effects
- Rasheed A, Qasim Md. A review of natural steroids and their applications. Int J Pharm Sci Res. 2013;4(2); 520-531.
- Ganesan K, Haque IU, Zito PM. Anabolic steroids. StatPearls. Updated October 22, 2019.
- Gullett NP, Hebbar G, Ziegler TR. Update on clinical trials of growth factors and anabolic steroids in cachexia and wasting. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2010;91(4):1143S-1147S. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2010.28608E
- Cleveland Clinic. Corticosteroids. Updated March 16, 2015.
- El Osta R, Almont T, Diligent C, Hubert N, Eschwège P, Hubert J. Anabolic steroids abuse and male infertility. Basic and clinical andrology. 2016;26:2.
- Kanayama G, Brower KJ, Wood RI, Hudson JI, Pope HG. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: an emerging disorder. Addiction. 2009;104(12):1966-78. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02734.x
- Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Oral corticosteroids for asthma.
- Ghosh A, Sengupta S, Coondoo A, Jana AK. Topical corticosteroid addiction and phobia. Indian Journal of Dermatology. 2014; 59(5):465-8. doi:10.4103/0019-5154.139876
- Hepper CT, at al. The efficacy and duration of intra-articular corticosteroid injection for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review of level I studies. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2009 Oct;17(10):638-46.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine. Treating multiple sclerosis (MS).
- Koester MC, Dunn WR, Kuhn JE, Spindler KP. The efficacy of subacromial corticosteroid injection in the treatment of rotator cuff disease: A systematic review. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007 Jan;15(1):3-11.
- Silver MD. Use of ergogenic aids by athletes. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. January/February 2001; 9:61-70.
Rae Uddin has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2004. She specializes in scientific journalism and medical and technical writing. Her work has appeared in various online publications. Uddin earned her Master of Science in integrated biomedical sciences with an emphasis in molecular and cellular biochemistry from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.