What Are the Causes of Calcification in Abdominal Aorta?

According to e-radiography.net, calcification in the abdominal aorta is the medical condition in which hardening of the walls of the abdominal aorta occurs 1. Calcification in the abdominal aorta represents a special case of atherosclerosis 25. The condition has an association with the clogging of arteries with fatty tissue. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute states that some of the causes of calcification in the abdominal aorta include high blood sugar or diabetes, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol level 4.

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism can cause calcification in the abdominal aorta 125. According to a study reported in the March 1996 edition of the "Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism," elevated secretion of the parathyroid hormone, plays an important role in the development of calcification of abdominal aorta in elderly female subjects 2. Hyperparathyroidism is a medical condition in which one or more enlarged and overactive parathyroid glands secretes excess of parathyroid hormone than in the normal condition.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors can lead to calcification in abdominal aorta 25. The American Heart Association reports that heritable factors play a role in the presence and extent of the abdominal aortic calcification 35. However, the organization reports that the relative contributions of genetics and environment continue to be an area of active research.

Cigarette Smoking

Cigarette smoking can cause of calcification in abdominal aorta 25. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute-Diseases and Conditions Index reports that cigarette smoking causes calcification in abdominal aorta 45. Patients are advised to cease smoking.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can lead to calcification in abdominal aorta 25. A study reported in the July 1999 edition of the journal "Kidney International" states that systolic blood pressure levels and the product of serum calcium and phosphorus, were related to the higher severity of calcification of abdominal aorta in patients undergoing dialysis 5. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Blood pressure is considered high if it is greater than or equal to 140/90 millimeter of mercury.

High Cholesterol Level

High cholesterol level in blood can cause calcification in abdominal aorta 25. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute-Diseases and Conditions Index reports that high blood cholesterol level is cause behind calcification in abdominal aorta 4. Patients are advised to control their diet. Cholesterol is a waxy steroid metabolite that regulates cell certain functions and helps in building cell membranes.

The Wrap Up

A study reported in the July 1999 edition of the journal "Kidney International" states that systolic blood pressure levels and the product of serum calcium and phosphorus, were related to the higher severity of calcification of abdominal aorta in patients undergoing dialysis 5. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute states that some of the causes of calcification in the abdominal aorta include high blood sugar or diabetes, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol level 4. The American Heart Association reports that heritable factors play a role in the presence and extent of the abdominal aortic calcification [3](http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/106/3/337 'inline-reference::American Heart Association: Evidence for Heritability of Abdominal Aortic Calcific Deposits in the Framingham Heart Study.

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