Primary Bone Cancer
Some bone cancers occur in the form of cancerous cells derived from the bones. There are a wide variety of these kinds of tumors. They include tumors of the bone tissue (osteosarcoma), tumors of the cartilage (chondrosarcoma), tumors of the ligaments and connective tissue (malignant fibrous histiocytoma), and tumors that start at the base of the skull and spine (chordoma). These types of bone cancers cause pain at the site of the tumors, as well as swelling and redness. Because the normal bone tissue is replaced with cancerous tissue, the bones become weak and are more likely to fracture. Bone cancers of this type tend to sap a lot of the body's energy and resources, leading to extreme fatigue and unintended weight loss.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
- Some bone cancers occur in the form of cancerous cells derived from the bones.
- They include tumors of the bone tissue (osteosarcoma), tumors of the cartilage (chondrosarcoma), tumors of the ligaments and connective tissue (malignant fibrous histiocytoma), and tumors that start at the base of the skull and spine (chordoma).
Another kind of bone cancer begins in the bone marrow, which is where the red blood cells are made 1. Multiple myeloma is the only form of bone marrow cancer that is considered medically to be a cancer of the bone, not simply of the blood 1. This is because multiple myeloma cells are able to proliferate throughout the bones. Aside from bone pain and bone weakness (a result of normal bone cells being replaced with cancer), multiple myeloma can cause your immune system to become weak as it stops producing viable white blood cells 1. Multiple myeloma can also cause kidney failure because the kidneys become overworked by trying to clear abnormal proteins out of the blood (which are created by the cancer).
Different Types of Bone Diseases
Another way in which the bones can develop cancer is via a process known as metastasis. Metastasis occurs when cancer from one part of the body spreads to other areas, which can include the bones. Breast cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer all have a tendency to spread to the bones. Metastatic bone cancer causes the same bone pain and weakness of other forms of bone cancer, as well as fatigue and weight loss 1.
- Another way in which the bones can develop cancer is via a process known as metastasis.
- Metastasis occurs when cancer from one part of the body spreads to other areas, which can include the bones.
Different Types of Bone Diseases
Hip Bone Cancer Symptoms
Early Bone Cancer Symptoms
Diseases Causing Extreme Fatigue & Weakness
Five Stages of Cancer
Signs of End Stage Breast Cancer
Certain Cancers That Cause Nosebleeds
What Are the Causes of Lytic Bone Lesions?
What Are the Main Symptoms of Bone Cancer in a Woman?
Causes for High Calcium in Blood
- Mayo Clinic: Bone Cancer
- American Cancer Society. What Is Bone Cancer? Updated February 5, 2018.
- American Cancer Society. Risk Factors for Bone Cancer. Updated February 5, 2018.
- Mayo Clinic Staff. Bone Cancer. Mayo Clinic. Updated April 25, 2018.
- National Cancer Institute. Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone Treatment—Health Professional Version (PDQ). National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Updated November 13, 2017.
Adam Cloe has been published in various scientific journals, including the "Journal of Biochemistry." He is currently a pathology resident at the University of Chicago. Cloe holds a Bachelor of Arts in biochemistry from Boston University, a M.D. from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. in pathology from the University of Chicago.