The cerebellum is located in the posterior fossa along with the fourth ventricle and brain stem. Approximately 15 to 20 percent of tumors arise in the posterior fossa, according to New York Presbyterian Hospital 12. The cerebellum controls intricate muscular coordination such as walking and speech in conjunction with the thalamus. Symptoms of a cerebellum brain tumor often affect these functions.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Headaches, Nausea and Vomiting
People with a brain tumor in the cerebellum often experience headaches, nausea and vomiting. As a tumor in the cerebellum grows, it blocks the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord causing hydrocephalus or increased fluid in the skull. This increased pressure will often cause a person to have headaches that come on suddenly and are worse in the morning. Some people may have a severe headache upon waking and feel better after vomiting, according to the American Brain Tumor Association. Headaches associated with a brain tumor do not tend to respond to normal headache treatments and often feel better as the day progresses. People with a brain tumor often note that headaches become more frequent as the tumor grows. This pressure commonly causes nausea and vomiting.
- People with a brain tumor in the cerebellum often experience headaches, nausea and vomiting.
Causes of Pressure Headaches
The cerebellum controls intricate muscular coordination. As the tumor grows, pressure can cause these functions to deteriorate. A person may become clumsy and uncoordinated, swaying and staggering when they walk.
Cranial Nerve Damage
The posterior fossa is a small space 2. As the tumor grows and fills the space it will damage nearby structures such as the cranial nerves. “The New York Times” Health Guide explains that when the cranial nerves are damaged, a person often experiences dilated pupils, loss of peripheral vision, blurred vision and eye deviations 2. People may experience facial muscle weakness, loss of feeling in part of the face, hearing loss and taste disturbances.
Causes of Pressure Headaches
Temporal Lobe Tumor Symptoms
Frontal Lobe Brain Tumor Symptoms
What Are the Causes of Frontal Lobe Headaches?
Parasagittal Meningiomas Symptoms
Fish Oil & Migraines
Complications After Craniotomy Surgery
Types of Parietal Brain Tumors
About Sinus Headache Symptoms Lasting for Weeks
Frontal Lobe Stroke Symptoms
- New York Presbyterian: Posterior Fossa Tumors
- The New York Times Health Guide: Posterior Fossa Tumors
- American Cancer Society. Signs and Symptoms of Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/brain-spinal-cord-tumors-adults/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-and-symptoms.html
- American Cancer Society. Signs and Symptoms of Brain and Spinal Tumors in Children. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/brain-spinal-cord-tumors-children.html
- National Cancer Institute. Childhood Brain and Spinal Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ). December 2016. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26389351
- Kernick DP, Ahmed F, Bahra A, et al. Imaging patients with suspected brain tumour: guidance for primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2008;58(557):880-5. doi:10.3399/bjgp08X376203
- Armstrong TS, Vera-bolanos E, Acquaye AA, Gilbert MR, Ladha H, Mendoza T. The symptom burden of primary brain tumors: evidence for a core set of tumor- and treatment-related symptoms. Neuro-oncology. 2016;18(2):252-60. doi:10.1093/neuonc/nov166
- Madhusoodanan S, Ting MB, Farah T, Ugur U. Psychiatric aspects of brain tumors: A review. World J Psychiatry. 2015;5(3):273-85. doi:10.5498/wjp.v5.i3.273
- Lanphear J, Sarnaik S. Presenting symptoms of pediatric brain tumors diagnosed in the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014;30(2):77-80. doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000000074
- Esquenazi Y, Lo VP, Lee K. Critical Care Management of Cerebral Edema in Brain Tumors. J Intensive Care Med. 2017;32(1):15-24. doi:10.1177/0885066615619618
- American Cancer Society. Signs and Symptoms of Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors.
- American Cancer Society. Signs and Symptoms of Brain and Spinal Tumors in Children.
- National Cancer Institute. Childhood Brain and Spinal Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ). December 2016.
- Ropper. Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 10e. N.p.: McGraw-Hill, 2014. Print.
Based in Florida, Martina McAtee has been writing health and fitness articles since 2003. She attended Keiser University, graduating with an Associate of Science in nursing. McAtee is currently working toward a master's degree in nursing from Florida Atlantic University.