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Causes of Lower Abdominal Pressure and Pain

Abdominal pain is any pain felt from chest to groin 1. It is often referred to as belly or stomach pain and can have many causes. The bladder, liver, spleen, appendix and adrenal glands are all located in the abdomen. Abdominal pain, therefore, can be attributed to any of these organs 12.

Is This an Emergency?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.

Digestive Organs

According to the American College of Gastroenterology, conditions that inflame the upper abdomen, such as:

  • gastritis
  • pancreatitis
  • inflammation of the gall bladder,
  • passage of gall stones
  • frequently cause pain 2

According to the American College of Gastroenterology, cancer can also affect areas of the stomach such as the bile duct, gall bladder and pancreas 2.

Aorta

What Are the Causes of Left Flank Pain?

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There is a main aorta that runs down through the inside of the abdomen. If this artery swells during events such as an abdominal aortic aneurysm, abdominal pain can occur 1. Blocked arteries or veins may also cause pain in the abdomen.

Appendix

The appendix is one common cause of extreme abdominal pain 12. Located on the lower right side of the abdomen, the appendix can become infected and possibly explode, which may be fatal if not treated. If someone is experiencing lower-right abdominal pain, she must immediately contact a doctor in case it is an infection in the appendix 1.

Kidneys

Causes of Left Side Abdominal Pain in Females

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The American College of Gastroenterology also points out kidney issues that can cause abdominal pain 12. The bean-shaped kidneys come in pairs and are located far into the abdominal cavity. Kidney stones, which involve painful passing of stones through urine, and urinary tract infections may develop in the kidneys. Tumors or other forms of cancer are additional possibilities that can cause abdominal pain 1.

Female Reproductive Organs

Women may develop pelvic problems that can cause pain and pressure in the lower abdomen. Fibroid tumors of the uterus and malignant tumors of the uterus or cervix can cause pain. Ovarian cysts and cancer, infection of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, and scars also can cause this type of pain. According to the American College of Gastroenterology, a woman may also experience lower abdominal pain if she has an ectopic pregnancy 12.

Other Areas of the Body

Pain in the abdomen does not always start there. Infections throughout the body, such as pneumonia, may also cause pain in the abdomen. Myocardial infarctions, irritation of the lining around the lungs, or blood clots in the lungs may also have this effect. Shingles, hernias, nerve irritation, and injury are also common culprits of abdominal pain and pressure 1.

The Wrap Up

Abdominal pain is any pain felt from chest to groin. According to the American College of Gastroenterology, cancer can also affect areas of the stomach such as the bile duct, gall bladder and pancreas. If this artery swells during events such as an abdominal aortic aneurysm, abdominal pain can occur. Blocked arteries or veins may also cause pain in the abdomen. Ovarian cysts and cancer, infection of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, and scars also can cause this type of pain.

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