Albuterol sulfate is a prescription medication indicated to treat or prevent airway constriction in people with asthma 13. This medication is a bronchodilator, which works by relaxing the bronchial muscles within a patient's airways to allow oxygen to reach the lungs. In certain instances, patients can develop allergic reaction symptoms after taking albuterol sulfate for the first time 13. Affected patients require immediate, emergency medical attention to avoid developing potentially life-threatening medical complications.
Hives or Skin Rash
Treatment with albuterol sulfate can cause skin-related side effects in patients allergic to this medication 13. An affected patient's skin can appear red and irritated and may begin to itch profusely. Small swollen welts, called hives, can appear across a patient's body. Additionally, children who are allergic to albuterol sulfate may exhibit unusual skin peeling, explain PDRHealth medical professionals 13.
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Oral swelling, also called oropharyngeal edema, can occur as an allergic symptom of albuterol sulfate in certain patients, explain health professionals with RxList 13. A patient's face, lips, tongue or throat can appear puffy and enlarged. These allergic symptoms can make it difficult for an affected patient to speak, swallow or breathe normally. Without prompt medical treatment, swelling in the throat can cut off a patient's airway, leading to severe breathing difficulties and loss of consciousness.
- Oral swelling, also called oropharyngeal edema, can occur as an allergic symptom of albuterol sulfate in certain patients, explain health professionals with RxList 1.
- Without prompt medical treatment, swelling in the throat can cut off a patient's airway, leading to severe breathing difficulties and loss of consciousness.
Patients who are allergic to albuterol sulfate may develop bronchospasm after taking this medication 13. Symptoms of bronchospasm include chest tightness and difficulty breathing, explain medical experts with Drugs.com 3. Bronchospasm constricts a patient's airway, making it harder for oxygen to reach the lungs. As oxygen attempts to move through a patient's narrowed airway, a doctor may detect a high-pitched whistling noise within the chest, an allergic symptom called wheezing. Bronchospasm symptoms are fatal in the absence of appropriate medical care.
- Patients who are allergic to albuterol sulfate may develop bronchospasm after taking this medication 1.
- As oxygen attempts to move through a patient's narrowed airway, a doctor may detect a high-pitched whistling noise within the chest, an allergic symptom called wheezing.
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- PDRHealth: Albuterol Sulfate
- RxList: Proventil HFA (Albuterol Inhalation) - Warnings and Precautions
- Drugs.com: Albuterol
- MayoClinic.com: Childhood Asthma - Albuterol Side Effects in Kids: What's Normal?
- MedlinePlus. Albuterol oral inhalation. Updated February 15, 2016.
- Colice G, Calhoun WJ. Section 2. Exercise-induced bronchospasm: Albuterol versus Montelukast: Highlights of the Asthma Summit 2009: Beyond the guidelines. World Allergy Organ J. 2010;3(2):23-30. doi:10.1097/WOX.0b013e3181d25eac
- Institute for Safe Medication Practices. Don't confuse "rescue" and "maintenance" inhalers. Updated June 6, 2011.
- American Lung Association. Assess and monitor your asthma control. Updated February 28, 2019.
- American Association for Respiratory Care. Pulmonary disease aerosol delivery devices. Updated 2017.
- Prescribers' Digital Reference. Albuterol sulfate - drug summary.
- American Lung Association. Severe asthma. Updated January 13, 2020.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Consumer Information. Asthma: General Information.
- MedlinePlus. Albuterol Inhalation.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Expert Panel Report 3 (EPR3): Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma.
Rae Uddin has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2004. She specializes in scientific journalism and medical and technical writing. Her work has appeared in various online publications. Uddin earned her Master of Science in integrated biomedical sciences with an emphasis in molecular and cellular biochemistry from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.