Children most often experience nosebleeds as a result of picking the nose, according to KidsHealth.org, but this is less of a factor for adults 15. Adults ages 60 to 80 years old report a higher incidence of nosebleeds than other age groups, chiefly due to health factors related to aging, according to the Medical University of South Carolina 2. Any adult who experiences chronic nosebleeds or nosebleeds with an excessive amount of blood should seek medical attention to ensure the bleeding is not a sign of a more serious condition.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
An estimated 90 percent of nosebleeds begin in the front of the nose when the tissues in the septum break and bleed, according to the Medical University of South Carolina 2. The septum is the delicate area between the nostrils that contains a network of blood vessels. When these vessels are irritated, such as through frequent nose blowing or picking, bleeding results. However, bleeding also can come from the back of the nose. A nosebleed is rarely painful, but may create an odd, gushing sensation from the nose.
If your nosebleed is not gushing or overly bloody, you can treat it at home. Lean forward and apply mild pressure on either side of the septum, using your fingers or your fingers covered in a tissue, according to the Medical University of South Carolina 2. Apply pressure for at least 15 minutes. If pressure does not work, insert gauze pads coated in petroleum jelly or decongestant nose drops.
Prevent nosebleeds by using a humidifier, which introduces moisture into the air in dry conditions. If you are ill, avoid blowing the nose excessively hard. You may put petroleum jelly on the septum to introduce moisture to the nose. Avoid taking medications linked with nosebleeds, unless advised otherwise by your physician.
While many may attempt to utilize ice packs to stop nosebleeds, according to the University of Alabama-Birmingham, this treatment will not be enough to reach the affected septum. However, a physician can insert specialized ice packs that reach far back into the nose to constrict the blood vessels.
If you experience chronic nosebleeds, such as:
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