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Vitamins for Malnutrition

By Brady Williams

Fatigue, dizziness and unintended weight loss are symptoms of malnutrition. To avoid these symptoms and the health challenges that are common with malnutrition, you need to eat a healthy and balanced diet that supplies your body with the nutrients you need to be healthy. Vitamins are a major component of a healthy diet and if you do not consume enough, you can develop malnutrition symptoms.

Causes of Malnutrition

Eating a poor diet that does not contain the appropriate nutrients to support your body's health can cause malnutrition. These nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. It can also be caused by digestive problems that interfere with your ability to absorb these nutrients from the foods you eat. A lack of food from starvation can also lead to malnutrition, as well as certain medical conditions. PubMed Health says malnutrition is a problem that occurs all over the world and is related to poverty, natural disasters, political problems, starvation, epidemics and war.

Vitamins to Avoid Malnutrition

If you are suffering from malnutrition or if you are looking to prevent malnutrition, you need to consume 13 vitamins to ensure proper body function: vitamins A, C, D, E, K and the eight B vitamins -- thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12 and folate. These vitamins are used by your body in your metabolism, in immune function and in the function of your nervous system. Without them, your body simply is not able to effectively perform the chemical reactions and physiological functions that support life.

Balanced Diet

These vitamins are found in food. To get the recommended dietary allowance, you need to eat a balanced diet that includes a variety of healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, water, lean meats and some dairy products. These foods are great sources of essential vitamins and minerals. A balanced diet avoids foods high in saturated fat, trans fat, refined carbohydrates, fast foods and processed foods. A balanced diet might also include a multivitamin that contains the essential vitamins and minerals.


If you are concerned that you might be suffering from a vitamin deficiency or malnutrition, seek help from a doctor or a dietitian. They can instruct you on what foods or additional treatment you might need to help you regain your health. Your doctor will also be able to evaluate if your problem is due to a medical condition or digestive disorder, in addition to a poor diet.

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