Fruits and vegetables are important ingredients in a healthy diet. They provide essential vitamins and minerals that perform vital functions in your body. Not consuming enough fruits and vegetables can put you at risk for adverse health conditions.
Vitamins and minerals help to keep bones and tissue strong, form red blood cells and maintain the central nervous system. Your body simply cannot function without these vitamins and minerals. Serious conditions such as rickets and scurvy develop due to lack of these nutrients.
Fruits and vegetables are bountiful sources of antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that protect cells from free radicals, molecules that can damage the body and lead to serious problems. Without proper fruit and vegetable consumption, you may be a greater risk for conditions like heart disease and cancer.
Fiber is a very important nutrient which, among other things, helps control bowel movements. Fiber is found in fruits and vegetables, and a lack of it can cause constipation and digestive problems, as well as raise cholesterol levels.
Fruits and vegetables are a healthier alternative to foods high in fat and calories, because they provide the nutrients without providing excess calories. Avoiding fruits and vegetables in replace of fattier foods can cause weight gain as well as other adverse health conditions.
An adult should be eating about 2 cups of fruits per day and at least 2 cups of vegetables.