Amp energy is one of many formulations of the Amp energy line created by Pepsico including Amp Sugar Free, Overdrive, Traction, Relaunch, Concentration, Purple Dinosaur and Lightning with and without sugar. Formerly known as Mountain Dew Amp, the beverage is promoted for increased alertness, stamina and endurance.
Ginseng is a perennial plant whose extract is promoted as a means of increasing energy when incorporated into energy drink formulations. According to MayoClinic.com, the antioxidant effects of ginseng can lower "bad" cholesterol, can regulate post-prandial blood sugar levels in diabetics and can help boost the immune system. Ginseng is also being used for a multitude of medical conditions including cancer treatments, coronary artery disease, erectile dysfunction and exercise performance however there is unclear evidence to support these claims.
Taurine is an amino acid used in Amp Energy that is promoted to enhance physical activity and when combined with caffeine, to increase mental endurance. This claim does not come without controversy according to MayoClinic.com. While one energy drink was banned in several European countries because of its effects, a study in 2003 showed that the amounts of taurine, ginseng and guarana are "far below the amounts expected to deliver either therapeutic benefits or adverse events."
Amp Energy contains all of the B vitamins. B vitamins help the body create energy from your diet and are found in many energy drink formulations. Thiamine, pantothenic acid, biotin and vitamin B 12 assist in protein and carbohydrate metabolism for energy production, while folic acid and vitamin B 6 assist in red blood cell production. Niacin, another B vitamin that is good for the skin, is also beneficial in cholesterol management.
Guarana is a vine, whose extract is used as a source of caffeine in energy drinks and weight-loss supplements. Caffeine acts as a stimulant that produces energy by increases metabolism. Side effects, such as increased heart rate and elevated blood pressure from too much caffeine can have deleterious effects on the body.