Renal diets are varied depending on the type and stage of renal disease 12. Diets are individualized and are usually lower, although sometimes higher, in sodium, potassium, phosphorus, fluid, protein and energy. Kidney conditions requiring a modified diet can include acute or chronic kidney disease, kidney stones, diabetic nephropathy, peritoneal or hemodialysis.
Lower Sodium Meal Ideas
Frequently, renal diets are lower in salt. To enhance the flavor of food without adding salt, try unsalted herbs and spices, lemon, vinegar and salt-free flavoring versus salt substitutes. However, salt-free substitutes can also be high in potassium, which is controlled for certain renal diets. Choose fresh or frozen foods more often and always check the sodium content on labels of packaged foods. A Daily Value percentage of 5 percent or less is low, and a daily value percentage of 20 or more is considered high in sodium.
- Frequently, renal diets are lower in salt.
- However, salt-free substitutes can also be high in potassium, which is controlled for certain renal diets.
Potassium, Phosphorus and Fluids
Snacks for Diabetics & Renal Failure Patients
Many patients are instructed to lower phosphorous levels. Foods higher in phosphorus include:
- whole grains
- soft drinks
Check with a dietitian to see if these foods can be consumed in limited amounts.
Specialized renal cookbooks are a great way to increase menu and diet variety. "Food Power- A Nutrition Book for Kids with Kidney Disease" by Charlotte Stall, a registered dietitian, features kid friendly recipes with nutrient analysis. It also has answers to child nutrition questions, such as cooking for picky eaters and what to serve overweight children. Another renal cookbook is "Magic Menus- Menu Style Cookbook for Renal Patients" by the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas. This cookbook has a variety of recipes and three weeks of sample menus. Another cookbook specifically for renal diets is "The Renal Gourmet." Written by Mardy Peters, a kidney patient, it includes over 200 no-salt recipes with herbs, spices and vinegars.
- Specialized renal cookbooks are a great way to increase menu and diet variety. "
- Food Power- A Nutrition Book for Kids with Kidney Disease" by Charlotte Stall, a registered dietitian, features kid friendly recipes with nutrient analysis.
Snacks for Diabetics & Renal Failure Patients
Renal Diabetic Diet for Breakfast
Recommended Food for Kidney Dialysis Patients
Chronic Kidney Disease Sample Diet
Foods to Avoid With Kidney Problems
Heart-Healthy Food Choices for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients
Low Phosphorus, Potassium & Sodium Menus
Are Olives Good for the Kidneys?
South Beach Phase 1 Food List
Nutrition Facts of Doenjang Jjigae
- "Canadian Association of Nephrology Dietitians"; Essential Guide for Renal Dietitians; 2008
- "The Kidney Association of Canada"; Living with Kidney Disease: 4th edition; 2006
- Shaikh H, Khorasani-Zadeh A. Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Superior Mesenteric Artery. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing. Updated April 5, 2019.
- Kim MK, Ku YM, Chun CW, Lee SL. MDCT findings of right circumaortic renal vein with ectopic kidney. Korean J Radiol. 2013;14(5):786-8. doi:10.3348/kjr.2013.14.5.786
- Hostiuc S, Rusu MC, Negoi I, Dorobanțu B, Grigoriu M. Anatomical variants of renal veins: A meta-analysis of prevalence. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):10802. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-47280-8
- Kaufman, DP, Basit H, Knohl SJ. Physiology, glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing. Updated April 25, 2019.
- Cleveland Clinic. Blood Clotting Disorders (Hypercoagulable States). Updated April 25, 2019.
- Kurklinsky AK, Rooke TW. Nutcracker phenomenon and nutcracker syndrome. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010;85(6):552-9. doi:10.4065/mcp.2009.0586
- Bowdino, CS, Shaw, PM. Anatomy, abdomen and pelvis, renal veins. StatPearls Publishing. Updated February 22, 2019.
- Lamba R, Tanner DT, Sekhon S, Mcgahan JP, Corwin MT, Lall CG. Multidetector CT of vascular compression syndromes in the abdomen and pelvis. RadioGraphics. 2014;34(1):93-115. doi:10.1148/rg.341125010.
- Mazhar, HR, Aeddula, NR. Renal vein thrombosis. StatPearls Pubishing. Updated December 26, 2018.
Amanda Burton is a registered dietitian who has been writing professionally since 2005. Her publications have included articles for LIVESTRONG.COM, eHow and "Downhome" magazine. Amanda is a Master of Science candidate in nutrition and currently operates a nutrition counseling and consulting practice called Recipe for Health in Atlantic Canada.