What Are the Causes of Abdominal Pain & Soreness?

Abdominal pain and soreness can be caused by many conditions 1. It's often difficult to determine the exact location and cause of abdominal pain 1. Abdominal pain may originate from organs in the abdominal cavity, or it may be caused by structures outside the abdomen 1. MayoClinic.com cite a few causes of abdominal pain that can be attributed to just one area of the abdomen 14.

Is This an Emergency?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.


Cholera can cause abdominal pain and soreness 1. According to the World Health Organization or WHO, cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium V. cholerae 2. V. cholerae enters the body when a person consumes contaminated food or beverages. MedlinePlus states that cholera occurs in areas with poor sanitation, crowding, war and famine 3. Cholera is one of the principle indicators of a country's social development. Common signs and symptoms associated with cholera include:

  • abdominal cramps or soreness
  • dry skin
  • thirst
  • lethargy
  • nausea
  • dehydration
  • elevated heart rate
  • vomiting
  • fatigue
  • diarrhea

According to WHO, many people infected with V. cholerae do not develop symptoms, although when sickness does occur, approximately 80 to 90 percent of people experience symptoms that are mild to moderate in severity. Fewer than 20 percent of individuals with cholera will experience moderate or severe dehydration.

Duodenal Ulcer

Duodenal ulcers can cause abdominal pain and soreness 1. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases states that a peptic ulcer that occurs in the duodenum--the beginning of the small intestine--is called a duodenal ulcer. Duodenal ulcers are sores that line the duodenum. The principle cause of duodenal ulcers is infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori. Another possible cause of duodenal ulcers is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. In rare cases, a duodenal tumor or growth will cause a duodenal ulcer. Although many people experience duodenal ulcer-related symptoms, some people experience no symptoms at all.

Bladder Infection

Common signs and symptoms associated with bladder infection include:

  • lower abdominal pain or discomfort
  • a persistent need to urinate
  • a burning sensation when urinating
  • blood in the urine
  • strong-smelling urine
  • a low-grade fever 1

MayoClinic.com says that certain individuals may have a greater risk for bladder infections, including women who are sexually active, women who use diaphragms for birth control and women who are pregnant 14.