Vitamin D2 Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin D refers to two different forms of this vitamin: vitamin D-2 and vitamin D-3. Vitamin D-3 is synthesized when skin absorbs sunlight, while vitamin D-2 is made by plants. Your body converts both forms into the same hormone, so they fill the same roles and they are referred to collectively as vitamin D. Since the primary role of vitamin D is to enable calcium absorption, signs of a deficiency often appear in your bones.
Bone And Muscle Weakness
If you lack an adequate amount of vitamin D, your body can't absorb enough calcium. This has a double impact on your bones. For starters, you won't have enough calcium to maintain healthy bones. But calcium has other vital jobs to fill, such as maintaining muscle contractions in your heart. When calcium is low, your body takes it away from your bones to fill its other roles. As a result, vitamin D deficiency causes a loss of bone density, which leads to bone pain, weak bones and an increased risk for osteoporosis. Muscle weakness and aches may also indicate a vitamin D deficiency since vitamin D may help maintain muscle strength.
- If you lack an adequate amount of vitamin D, your body can't absorb enough calcium.
- But calcium has other vital jobs to fill, such as maintaining muscle contractions in your heart.
Lowered Immune Response
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Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining an adequate immune response in the body. It regulates proteins that kill bacteria and stimulates the growth of white blood cells that destroy invading pathogens. A vitamin-D weakened immune system is associated with an increased risk of flu. Inadequate vitamin D is also involved with serious autoimmune disorders such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis and Type 1 diabetes, according to the Linus Pauling Institute.
- Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining an adequate immune response in the body.
- Inadequate vitamin D is also involved with serious autoimmune disorders such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis and Type 1 diabetes, according to the Linus Pauling Institute.
Depression And Cognitive Problems
According to Women To Women, depression and mood swings may be symptoms of vitamin D deficiency. Chronic fatigue is a common byproduct of low vitamin D and this may contribute to irritability or a low mood in people. Older people may experience disorganized thought patterns and have difficulty with concentration or memory. These cognitive challenges may indicate low vitamin D2 levels. Adequate vitamin D may help stabilize energy, mood and cognition to healthy levels.
- According to Women To Women, depression and mood swings may be symptoms of vitamin D deficiency.
Sources and Recommendations
Vitamin B-12 & Serotonin
Mushrooms are the primary source of vitamin D-2. They contain a substance -- ergosterol -- that turns into vitamin D-2 when exposed to sunlight. The amount of vitamin D-2 varies significantly from one mushroom to the next, but some producers purposefully expose mushrooms to ultraviolet light to boost their D-2 levels. Vitamin D-2 is also synthetically produced for use in supplements. In any form, vitamin D does not naturally occur in most foods. Fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel, contain vitamin D-3. Otherwise, most people get vitamin D from fortified milk and other foods. You should consume 600 international units, or 15 micrograms, of vitamin D daily.
- Mushrooms are the primary source of vitamin D-2.
- Fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel, contain vitamin D-3.
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Anemia & Vitamin K
- Linus Pauling Institute: Vitamin D
- Women To Women: Is Vitamin D Deficiency Casting A Cloud Over Your Health?
- Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics: Vitamin D: The Sunshine Vitamin
- Office of Dietary Supplements: Vitamin D
- Linus Pauling Institute: Nutrition and Immunity
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- Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Hollis BW, Rimm EB. 25-hydroxyvitamin D and Risk of Myocardial Infarction in Men: a Prospective Study. Arch Intern Med. 2008; 168:1174-80.
- Gorham ED, Garland CF, Garland FC, Grant WB, Mohr SB, Lipkin M, Newmark HL, Giovannucci E, Wei M, Holick MF. Optimal Vitamin D Status for Colorectal Cancer Prevention: a Quantitative Meta-analysis. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Mar;32(3):210-6.
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- Salehpour A1, Hosseinpanah F, Shidfar F, Vafa M, Razaghi M, Dehghani S, Hoshiarrad A, Gohari M. A 12-week Double-blind Randomized Clinical Trial of Vitamin D₃ Supplementation on Body Fat Mass in Healthy Overweight and Obese Women. Nutr J. 2012 Sep 22;11:78. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-11-78.
- Urashima M, Segawa T, Okazaki M, Kurihara M, Wada Y, Ida H. Randomized Trial of Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent Seasonal Influenza A in Schoolchildren. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 91:1255-60. Epub 2010 Mar 10.
- Wilkins, Consuelo H. and Yvette I. Sheline, et al. “Vitamin D Deficiency Is Associated with Low Mood and Worse Cognitive Performance in Older Adults.” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 14 (2006): 1032-40.
Jill Andrews began writing professionally for various online publications since 2009. Andrews holds a Bachelor of Science in biochemistry/nutrition from Memorial University in St.John's, Newfoundland. She also holds a Bachelor of Science in occupational therapy from Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.