Red blotches on the face, a red and swollen nose, small spiderweb-like blood vessels visible on the nose and cheeks and red pus-filled bumps on various areas of the face are all signs of rosacea, an inflammatory skin condition found mainly in adults. Although there is no cure for rosacea, it can be controlled with diet, medication, surgery, laser therapy or alternative medicines. Which combination of treatment is best for you depends on what your skin responds to and the severity of your case.
Medications That Treat Rosacea
It’s important to start treating rosacea as soon as it appears because it can get worse over time and lead to skin deformities. While you may be tempted to try over-the-counter skin-care products to clear up the problem, these may contain irritants that can heighten rosacea.
A dermatologist or physician offers the best treatment. Some of the prescription medicines used to treat rosacea are topical creams applied several times a day, oral antibiotics or, for more severe cases, isotretinoin (Accutane). Drugs containing sulfur or azelaic acid may also be used in tandem with antibiotic treatment. Steroid eye drops are often prescribed for people who are experiencing dry or gritty eyes, a problem that sometimes goes along with rosacea.
You may need to try different prescribed medicines to find the right combination that helps your condition. You’ll know which treatment is best when you begin seeing improvement in the redness within two months. But that doesn’t mean treatment should end. Consistent, long-term treatment is best to prevent rosacea symptoms from reoccurring.
When Surgery Is an Option
In severe cases of rosacea, tissue builds up around the nose, or blood vessels on the face can become enlarged and quite visible. Laser surgery or electrosurgery can improve the condition of your skin. Some patients with rosacea may be treated with intense pulsed-dye laser.
Surgical options are the best treatment for people whose noses have become disfigured due to inflamed tissue. Laser treatments, in particular, help to diminish redness and prominent blood vessels.
Other Treatments Worth Considering
For people with rosacea, it helps to keep your skin healthy. Your doctor will advise you as to the best soaps, moisturizers and sunscreens to use. In many cases, rosacea can be under control for a period of time, but then flare up for several months. Diet can have a lot to do with this. Write down foods that cause your rosacea to worsen. Among the common triggers are hot beverages, spicy foods and alcohol.
There are also some home remedies to take a look at for controlling rosacea. Vitamin K, oregano oil, emu oil and laurel wood have been mentioned as possible alternative medicines to treat rosacea. However, no research has been conducted to verify such claims.