Some of the more common sports injuries are sprains and broken bones. It is important to the long-term health of the injured person to have the sprain or break immobilized as quickly as possible. As the first person who will treat these types of injuries, athletic trainers have a variety of hard splints and air splints and casts to use in setting and supporting the injured bone or soft tissue. They not only provide support but also help with pain management and keep swelling under control.
Injuries to the spinal cord and muscles of the back and surrounding area are also common when participating in athletic endeavors. To be properly prepared to treat such injuries, athletic trainers will have ready access to lumbar and cervical traction units that can be immediately attached to provide support to the back or the pelvic region. Traction devices treat back, neck or pelvic injuries by helping to stretch out the area to ease compression problems.
The most common tool of the athletic trainer is the ice pack. That, combined with a heating pad, is used more than anything other tool in the trainer's bag. With most sports injuries, the initial treatment includes icing the injury to keep swelling down and allow for healing to begin. Regular icing and application of heat are done not only in treatment of injuries but to prevent them, as it is a regular practice to ice joints immediately after practices and games.
While less frequently associated with the athletic trainer, exercise equipment like stationary bikes, treadmills, elliptical trainers and balance balls are becoming more essential as time goes by. One of the important functions of the trainer is to aid rehabilitation and encourage injury prevention with regular exercise. These tools are used in rehab but can also keep athletes loose during practices or competition.
One of the key ingredients used by the athletic trainer is athletic tape. Many athletes have their ankles taped before participation to provide support that will help them avoid injuries. Tape can also be used to treat an injury and to provide additional support to other parts of the body.