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Prostate Biopsy Side Effects

By Christopher Carter ; Updated July 27, 2017

A prostate biopsy is a test doctors use to help detect prostate cancer. A needle is inserted in the prostate gland to gather a sample of the prostate tissue. Doctors check the prostate sample for high prostate-specific antigen, or PSA levels, and for cancerous cells. Here are some of the side effects that accompany a prostate biopsy exam.

Urinary Tract Infection

A common side effect of a prostate biopsy exam is a urinary tract infection. This can be a painful infection that requires treatment with antibiotics.

Heavy Bleeding

As a result of a prostate biopsy you may experience heavy bleeding. This may cause some of the cancerous cells to be released in your bloodstream.

Problems Urinating

You may find it difficult to urinate. Consult your doctor immediately if this happens.


You may feel slight pain and discomfort for a few days after undergoing a prostate biopsy.

Blood in the Semen

According to the Mayo Clinic "Up to half the men who have a prostate biopsy report blood in their semen after the procedure."

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