Pomegranate Fruit During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is an exciting time. Choosing healthy foods is important to your health and the health of your baby. Pomegranate fruit is a nutritious choice that contains several nutrients important to you during your pregnancy. Eating pomegranate fruit or drinking the juice is probably safe during pregnancy, but as of 2011 it is unknown what effect pomegranate extract might have. It is best to avoid the extract during pregnancy. Talk to your health care provider if you have concerns.
A half cup of pomegranate arils contains 5g of fiber. Fiber is important during pregnancy to help prevent constipation, a problem for almost half of all pregnant women. The American Pregnancy Association recommends that pregnant women consume 25 to 30g of fiber a day.
Iron and Vitamin C
Can Pregnant Women Eat Mangosteen?
Pomegranate fruit also contains iron and vitamin C. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 18 percent of pregnant women in industrialized countries have iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia puts you at higher risk for having a low birth weight baby or preterm delivery and may affect the overall health of your baby. Most health care providers prescribe iron supplements for pregnant women to prevent anemia, but eating foods that contain iron can also ensure that you have adequate iron stores in your blood. Vitamin C improves the absorption of iron, so the vitamin C in pomegranate fruit will help your body absorb more of the iron in the fruit.
- Pomegranate fruit also contains iron and vitamin C. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 18 percent of pregnant women in industrialized countries have iron deficiency anemia.
- Most health care providers prescribe iron supplements for pregnant women to prevent anemia, but eating foods that contain iron can also ensure that you have adequate iron stores in your blood.
Protection for the Brain
A study conducted on mice found that pomegranate juice may protect an infant’s brain while in the womb. D. J. Loren and associates published a study in the journal “Pediatric Research” in June 2005 stating that pomegranate juice given to pregnant mice decreased brain tissue damage when the offsprings' brains were deprived of oxygen. Pomegranate juice was added to the water of the pregnant mice in three different doses. The pregnant mice drinking the water containing the highest amount of pomegranate juice had offspring with the least amount of brain tissue damage. It is unknown if the same result is true for human infants.
- A study conducted on mice found that pomegranate juice may protect an infant’s brain while in the womb.
- D. J. Loren and associates published a study in the journal “Pediatric Research” in June 2005 stating that pomegranate juice given to pregnant mice decreased brain tissue damage when the offsprings' brains were deprived of oxygen.
Avocado as a Brain Food
According to MedlinePlus, some women use pomegranate to abort the pregnancy. A study in the March 2010 “Reproductive Sciences” found that pomegranate seed extract stimulated uterine contractions in rats. For this reason, it is best to avoid pomegranate extracts during pregnancy. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, pomegranate extracts contain fruit rind, which stimulates uterine contractions. Eating the fruit or drinking the juice does not have the same effect; therefore, eating pomegranate fruit or drinking the juice during your pregnancy should be safe, states the MedlinePlus.
- According to MedlinePlus, some women use pomegranate to abort the pregnancy.
- According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, pomegranate extracts contain fruit rind, which stimulates uterine contractions.
Can Pregnant Women Eat Mangosteen?
Avocado as a Brain Food
Benefits of Raspberry Juice
Do Cranberries Have Citric Acid?
Is There Certain Fruit That is Good for Red Blood Cells?
Fruits Recommended for Pregnant Women
Is Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice Good for You?
Shelled Peanuts: Nutrition Facts
What Fruits Are Good for Women Trying to Get Pregnant?
Calories in Half a Grapefruit
- MedlinePlus; Pomegranate; November 2010
- American Pregnancy Association; Pregnancy and Constipation; March 2007
- “Pediatric Research”; Maternal Dietary Supplementation with Pomegranate Juice is Neuroprotective in an Animal Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury; Loren, D.L., et. al; June 2005
- “Reproductive Sciences”; The Effects of Pomegranate Seed Extract and Beta-Sitosterol on Rat Uterine Contractions; Promprom W., et. al; March 2010
- Pomegranate. Professional Monograph. Natural Medicine Database. Therapeutic Resource Center. 5/6/2019
- Bassiri-Jahromi S. Punica granatum (Pomegranate) activity in health promotion and cancer prevention. Oncol Rev. 2018;12(1):345. Published 2018 Jan 30. doi:10.4081/oncol.2018.345
- Bhadbhade SJ, Acharya AB, Rodrigues SV, et al. The antiplaque efficacy of pomegranate mouthrinse. Quintessence International. 2011;42(1):29-36.
- Danesi F, Ferguson LR. Could Pomegranate Juice Help in the Control of Inflammatory Diseases?. Nutrients. 2017;9(9):958. Published 2017 Aug 30. doi:10.3390/nu9090958
- Hidaka M, Okumura M, Fujita K, Ogikubo T, Yamasaki K, Iwakiri T, Setoguchi N, Arimori K. Effects of pomegranate juice on human cytochrome p450 3A (CYP3A) and carbamazepine pharmacokinetics in rats. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 33.5 (2005):644-8.
- Ismail T, Sestili P, Akhtar S. Pomegranate peel and fruit extracts: a review of potential anti-inflammatory and anti-infective effects. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2012;143(2):397-3405.
- Kim H, Yoon YJ, Shon JH, Cha IJ, Shin JG, Liu KH. Inhibitory effects of fruit juices on CYP3A activity. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 34.4 (2006):521-3.
- Sahebkar, A., Ferri, C., Giorgini, P., Bo, S., Nachtigal, P., & Grassi, D. (2017). Effects of pomegranate juice on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Pharmacological Research, 115, 149–161. doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2016.11.018
- Sharma P, McClees SF, Afaq F. Pomegranate for Prevention and Treatment of Cancer: An Update. Molecules. 2017;22(1):177. Published 2017 Jan 24. doi:10.3390/molecules22010177
- Sorokin AV, Duncan B, Panetta R, Thompson PD. Rhabdomyolysis associated with pomegranate juice consumption. American Journal of Cardiology. 98.5 (2006):705-6.
- Taheri Rouhi SZ, Sarker MMR, Rahmat A, Alkahtani SA, Othman F. The effect of pomegranate fresh juice versus pomegranate seed powder on metabolic indices, lipid profile, inflammatory biomarkers, and the histopathology of pancreatic islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats [published correction appears in BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Apr 13;17 (1):214]. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17(1):156. Published 2017 Mar 14. doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1667-6
- Wang D, Özen C, Abu-Reidah IM, et al. Vasculoprotective Effects of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.). Front Pharmacol. 2018;9:544. Published 2018 May 24. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00544
- Zarfeshany A, Asgary S, Javanmard SH. Potent health effects of pomegranate. Adv Biomed Res. 2014;3:100. Published 2014 Mar 25. doi:10.4103/2277-9175.129371
Kristin Mortensen began writing newspaper articles in 1992 for The Sierra Vista Herald. She has also been a registered dietitian since 1991, and has worked for hospitals, clinics and Women, Infants and Children (WIC) programs. Mortensen has a bachelor of science in dietetics from Brigham Young University.