Muscle enzyme levels may rise for a variety of reasons, including autoimmune disorders and infections. According to springerlink.com, muscle membranes release enzymes when they become defective or damaged. This can occur due to inflammation of the muscle caused by overexercise, muscular trauma or certain musculature conditions such as arthritis, muscular dystrophy and inflammatory muscle disease. High enzyme levels may indicate muscular damage and may lead to muscle soreness.
Check with your doctor to see if a medication might be causing high enzyme levels. Some medications may contribute to increased muscle enzymes. According to medicinenet.com, statin drugs may increase the risk of muscle inflammation, which can lead to elevated muscle enzyme levels. Talk to your doctor about alternative medications if your medication is contributing to high muscle enzyme levels.
Rest in between workouts. According to pubmedcentral.nih.gov, when muscles contract with a high degree of tension, it may lead to muscle fiber damage. Muscles that are overstressed due to overexertion may release higher levels of enzymes. Try to increase resting periods in between workouts to decrease muscle enzyme levels immediately following a workout. If you have suffered from a serious physical trauma that causes muscle damage, it may require some healing time for enzyme levels to return to normal.
Add anti-inflammatory foods into your diet. According to sportsinjurybulletin.com, foods that contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids such as fish, nuts, olive oil and sunflower oil can help decrease inflammation. In addition, selenium, zinc, and vitamins B, E and C are useful in fighting muscle inflammation that may lead to elevated muscle enzymes.
Get tested for muscular disorders. Elevated muscle enzymes can be caused by conditions such as polymyositis, arthritis and muscular dystrophy. Thyroid, hormones and metabolic disorders may also contribute to muscular disorders. Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat inflammation and other symptoms associated with high muscle enzyme levels. Anti-inflammatory over-the-counter medications might be useful for pain management.