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Lexapro Safety

Lexapro is the brand name for escitalopram, an antidepressant medication belonging to a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Lexapro is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder 6.

Lexapro is safe and effective for most people, but like all drugs, it has possible side effects. And, as with other SSRIs, you need to take precautions when using Lexapro.

Common Side Effects

Less commonly, people report diarrhea, constipation, dry mouth, vomiting or a feeling that the room is spinning. Usually these side effects are mild and temporary. When compared with other SSRIs, such as paroxetine (Paxil) or fluoxetine (Prozac), Lexapro appears to have generally fewer and milder side effects.

Serotonin Syndrome

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SSRIs increase the amount of serotonin within the junctions between your nerves. Serotonin syndrome is a rare but very serious condition that occurs when serotonin levels climb too high 5. Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include confusion, agitation, rapid heart rate, sweating, fever, vomiting, diarrhea and muscle spasms 5.cause:

  • Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include confusion
  • agitation
  • rapid heart rate
  • sweating
  • fever
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • muscle spasms 5

When severe, seizures, coma and even death may occur 5.

Discontinuation Effects

If you take Lexapro or any other SSRI for a long time, abruptly discontinuing your medication could trigger a type of withdrawal reaction known as SSRI discontinuation syndrome. This condition is not caused by drug dependence or addiction. Rather, it is triggered by your body’s response to a sudden fall in serotonin levels.

Symptoms of serotonin discontinuation syndrome typically develop 1 to 3 days after stopping an SSRI and include dizziness, nausea, headache, poor concentration and electric shock sensations in the upper body and thighs 5. Serotonin discontinuation syndrome is not life-threatening and it can be avoided by gradually tapering your medication rather than stopping it suddenly 5.

  • If you take Lexapro or any other SSRI for a long time, abruptly discontinuing your medication could trigger a type of withdrawal reaction known as SSRI discontinuation syndrome.
  • Rather, it is triggered by your body’s response to a sudden fall in serotonin levels.

Suicide Risk

Symptoms When Stopping Lexapro

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One concern that has arisen with the use of all antidepressants in children, adolescents and young adults up to the age of 24 is an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and attempted or completed suicide after starting these medications. While there is some controversy surrounding this issue, the FDA recommends that children, adolescents and young adults take Lexapro or any other antidepressant only if considered necessary 6. Lexapro is not approved by the FDA for use in children less than 12 years of age. Lexapro does not appear to increase the risk of suicide in adults older than 24.

Reviewed by Mary D. Daley, M.D.

  • One concern that has arisen with the use of all antidepressants in children, adolescents and young adults up to the age of 24 is an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and attempted or completed suicide after starting these medications.
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