How to Treat Intestinal Parasites in Children
Intestinal parasites that may infect children come in two varieties: protozoa and helminthes. Protozoa are single-celled worms. They are able to multiply inside the human body and can be a major cause of infection. Helminthes are multi-celled organisms, the most common forms being pinworms and tapeworms. Helminthes are unable to multiply within the human body. Children usually contract intestinal parasites when they come into contact with contaminated earth, water, feces or food. Intestinal parasites in children can be treated with a range of herbs, homeopathy treatments, nutritional supplements, and over-the-counter or prescription medications.
Intestinal parasites can cause a wide range of symptoms, including diarrhea, loss of appetite, joint pain, mucus in stools, fever, listlessness, foul-smelling stools, stomach cramps, coughing and vomiting. If you suspect your child may be suffering from intestinal parasites, collect a sample of her feces in a small, sealable plastic container and take it to your family practitioner for testing 5.
Symptoms of Intestinal Worms in Children
If the test results are positive, the doctor will prescribe a medication to kill the parasites. According to World Health Organization recommendations, the medications Mebendazole and Albendezole are suitable for children less than 2 years old and above. The medications Prazinquantel and Invermectin are suitable for children who are at least 2 years old. The drug that your doctor prescribes will depend on the type of parasitic worm infection your child has. The doses will vary depending on the type of medication. Some drugs, such as Mebendazole, are only taken for three days while others, such as Albendezole, are taken over the course of 28 days.
After getting treatment for intestinal parasites, if you child is older than 2 years, you may want to consider giving her a probiotic supplement in the form of powder or drink to boost the formation of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract 5. This will aid digestion and boost the immune system.
To avoid intestinal parasites in children, make sure they wash their hands regularly. All family members should wash their hands before preparing food. Children's fingernails should be kept short and free from dirt.
A combination of the herbal tinctures wormwood and black walnut is often recommended as a treatment for intestinal parasites, but these herbs are not known to be safe for children.
Symptoms of Intestinal Worms in Children
Ingredients & Nutrition Facts for Trolli Sour Gummy Worms
What Is Zymex II Parasite Cleanse?
Side Effects of Probiotics on Children
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Intestinal Parasites
Worms That Resemble Hair in Humans
How to Treat Yeast Infections With Probiotics
Symptoms of Intestinal Worms
List of Parasitic Diseases in India
Probiotics & Stomach Flu
- University of Maryland Medical Center: Intestinal Parasites
- Diagnose Me: Parasite Infection
- Fungus Focus: Most Common Parasitic Drugs
- Natural Standard: Black Walnut
- Intestinal Parasites: Everything you Wanted to Know and More
- Kiani H, Haghighi A, Rostami A, et al. PREVALENCE, RISK FACTORS AND SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED TO INTESTINAL PARASITE INFECTIONS AMONG PATIENTS WITH GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS IN NAHAVAND, WESTERN IRAN. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2016;58:42. doi:10.1590/S1678-9946201658042
- Haque R. Human intestinal parasites. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25(4):387-91.
- Waller PJ, Bernes G, Thamsborg SM, et al. Plants as de-worming agents of livestock in the Nordic countries: historical perspective, popular beliefs and prospects for the future. Acta Vet Scand. 2001;42(1):31-44. doi:10.1186/1751-0147-42-31
- Neag MA, Mocan A, Echeverría J, et al. Berberine: Botanical Occurrence, Traditional Uses, Extraction Methods, and Relevance in Cardiovascular, Metabolic, Hepatic, and Renal Disorders. Front Pharmacol. 2018;9:557. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00557
- Okeniyi JA, Ogunlesi TA, Oyelami OA, Adeyemi LA. Effectiveness of dried Carica papaya seeds against human intestinal parasitosis: a pilot study. J Med Food. 2007;10(1):194-6. doi:10.1089/jmf.2005.065
- Grzybek M, Kukula-koch W, Strachecka A, et al. Evaluation of Anthelmintic Activity and Composition of Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) Seed Extracts-In Vitro and in Vivo Studies. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17(9):1456. doi:10.3390/ijms17091456
- Ekanem AP, Brisibe EA. Effects of ethanol extract of Artemisia annua L. against monogenean parasites of Heterobranchus longifilis. Parasitol Res. 2010;106(5):1135-9. doi:10.1007/s00436-010-1787-0
- Lepczyńska M, Białkowska J, Dzika E, Piskorz-ogórek K, Korycińska J. Blastocystis: how do specific diets and human gut microbiota affect its development and pathogenicity? Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017;36(9):1531-1540. doi:10.1007/s10096-017-2965-0
- Travers MA, Florent I, Kohl L, Grellier P. Probiotics for the control of parasites: an overview. J Parasitol Res. 2011;2011:610769. doi:10.1155/2011/610769
- Ekanem AP, Brisibe EA. Effects of ethanol extract of Artemisia annua L. against monogenean parasites of Heterobranchus longifilis. Parasitol Res. 2010 Apr;106(5):1135-9.
- Grzybek M, Kukula-Koch W, Strachecka A, et al. Evaluation of Anthelmintic Activity and Composition of Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) Seed Extracts—In Vitro and in Vivo Studies. Battino M, ed. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016;17(9):1456.
- Imanshahidi M, Hosseinzadeh H. Pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Berberis vulgaris and its active constituent, berberine. Phytother Res. 2008 Aug;22(8):999-1012.
- Mahmoudvand H, Saedi Dezaki E, Sharififar F, Ezatpour B, Jahanbakhsh S, Fasihi Harandi M. Protoscolecidal Effect of Berberis vulgaris Root Extract and Its Main Compound, Berberine in Cystic Echinococcosis. Iran J Parasitol. 2014 Oct-Dec;9(4):503-10.
- Okeniyi JA, Ogunlesi TA, Oyelami OA, Adeyemi LA. Effectiveness of dried Carica papaya seeds against human intestinal parasitosis: a pilot study. J Med Food. 2007 Mar;10(1):194-6.
- Rouhani S, Salehi N, Kamalinejad M, Zayeri F. Efficacy of Berberis vulgaris aqueous extract on viability of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices. J Invest Surg. 2013 Dec;26(6):347-51.
Corinna Underwood began writing in 2000. She has been published in many outlets, including Fox News, “Ultimate Athlete,” “Hardcore Muscle,” “Alternative Medicine” and “Alive.” Underwood also wrote "Haunted History of Atlanta and North Georgia" and "Murder and Mystery in Atlanta." She has a Bachelor of Arts in English literature and philosophy and a Master of Arts in women’s studies from Staffordshire University.