Burning your forearm can occur while cooking, ironing or lighting a fire. Treating minor burns with first aid is usually an effective method of healing them 1. However, a more severe burn requires medical treatment. According to MayoClinic.com, there are three classifications of burns 1. A first-degree burn involves the top layers of skin and results in pain and redness. A second-degree burn goes deeper into the skin and results in blisters. A third-degree burn is the most serious and can often involve muscle and bone. This type of burn will appear charred, and if you or someone else suffers one, call 911 immediately. Treating a burned forearm can help alleviate the pain and heal the burned skin.
Cool the affected area. Use cool but not cold water and allow it to run over your burn for several minutes until the pain is reduced. You can also put your forearm into a sink or large bowl full of cool water or use cool washcloths. Do not use ice on a burn, which can damage the area.
Cover the burn with gauze. Apply a gauze bandage loosely on your forearm. Don't wrap it too tightly because it will put pressure on the burn, causing pain. Don't use any ointment because doing so can lead to an infection. Change the bandage as needed. The burn should heal on its own, but if you are concerned, call your doctor for an evaluation.
Take a dose of pain medication. Use an over-the-counter variety such as Tylenol or ibuprofen to help alleviate the pain as your burned forearm heals. Follow package instructions to determine the correct dosage.
Call 911. Any major burn requires prompt medical attention. Call for medical help right away.
Do not try to remove your clothing. If you were wearing long sleeves when your forearm was burned, leave the sleeve in place.
Refrain from putting the burn in water. This can cause your body temperature to drop, resulting in hypothermia. It can also lead to blood pressure problems and shock.
Elevate your forearm. Raise it above your heart to aid circulation in the burned area. Keep your forearm away from anything that can cause pressure while you are doing this.
Cover the burn. Use a cool, moist cloth to cover the burn while you wait for paramedics. Use a gauze bandage or a towel.
Children under 2 should not take over-the-counter pain medications without the recommendation of a pediatrician.
Put sunscreen on a healed burn because it is more susceptible to a sunburn.
If you are with someone else who has a severe burn on his forearm, monitor his vital signs while you wait for medical help. Administer CPR if he stops breathing.
If your burned forearm forms blisters, don't break them. Doing so puts you at risk of an infection.
- Cooking image by Svetlana Nikonova from Fotolia.com