A hernia may require surgical treatment in certain patients. The two major types of hernia surgery include laparoscopic hernia repair, a minimally invasive procedure, and open hernia repair 1. Hernia surgery after effects are typically mild and occur infrequently; however, patients should be aware of the potential after effects of hernia surgery before having this procedure performed.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Blood Vessel, Bowel or Bladder Damage
Blood vessel, bowel or bladder damage can occur as after effects of hernia surgery, John Muir Health reports 1. Bowel or bladder damage can result in bowel movement or urination problems, such as constipation or urinary retention. A doctor may provide affected patients with laxative medication or may place a temporary bladder catheter to help alleviate these bowel and bladder problems. Significant damage to the blood vessels, bowel or bladder is rare, but is typically repaired during surgery.
- Blood vessel, bowel or bladder damage can occur as after effects of hernia surgery, John Muir Health reports 1.
- Significant damage to the blood vessels, bowel or bladder is rare, but is typically repaired during surgery.
Complications of Hiatal Hernia Surgery
Approximately 7 percent to 12 percent of patients who have hernia surgery develop chronic pain after affects, the American College of Surgeons explains 2. Affected patients can experience pain for longer than three months after undergoing hernia surgery. Sensations of pain are typically mild to moderate in severity and localize to the site of surgery. An estimated 2 percent of patients experience severe, long-term pain. In most cases, chronic pain after effects can be managed through the use of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication.
- Approximately 7 percent to 12 percent of patients who have hernia surgery develop chronic pain after affects, the American College of Surgeons explains 2.
- In most cases, chronic pain after effects can be managed through the use of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication.
Infection or Hematoma
Patients can develop an infection or hematoma as a hernia surgery after effect. A hematoma is a collection of blood that accumulates at or near the site of hernia surgery. Excessive bleeding requiring a blood transfusion or additional surgery is very rare. Infection or hematoma after-effects can typically be managed with antibiotic or anti-inflammatory medication treatment and physical rest.
- Patients can develop an infection or hematoma as a hernia surgery after effect.
- Infection or hematoma after-effects can typically be managed with antibiotic or anti-inflammatory medication treatment and physical rest.
Derma Filler Side Effects
A patient who has hernia surgery can experience hernia reappearance or recurrence as an after effect of surgery, Dr. Steven Hofstetter with the New York University School of Medicine reports. If a hernia reappears, affected patients can require additional surgery to repair the intestinal protrusion.
Men who have hernia surgery can develop testicular swelling or pain as an after effect of treatment. Testicular swelling affects approximately 1 percent of treated male patients and can arise a few days after surgery, the American College of Surgeons explains 2. These uncomfortable sensations can persist for up to 12 weeks after surgery, but can be alleviated with antiinflammatory medication.
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- John Muir Health: Laparoscopic Hernia Repair Surgery
- American College of Surgeons: Inguinal/Femoral Hernia
- Brooks DC. (2020). Overview of abdominal wall hernias in adults. Rosen M, ed. UpToDate. Waltham, MA: UpToDate.
- Harvard Health. (December 2018). Hernia Repair.
- HerniaSurge Group. International guidelines for groin hernia management. Hernia. 2018;22(1):1–165. doi:10.1007/s10029-017-1668-x
- Bittner R, Schwarz J. Inguinal hernia repair: current surgical techniques. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2012 Feb;397(2):271-82. doi:10.1007/s00423-011-0875-7
- Hassler KR, Saxena P, Baltazar-Ford KS. (Updated June 2020). Open Inguinal Hernia Repair. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-
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- Berger D. Evidence-Based Hernia Treatment in Adults. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016 Mar; 113(9): 150–158.
- Brooks DC. (2020). Overview of abdominal wall hernias in adults. Rosen M, ed. Waltham, MA:
- Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES). Guidelines for the Management of Hiatal Hernia. April 2013.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine. Preparing for hernia surgery.
- University of Wisconsin Health. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.
- Johns Hopkins Medicine. What to expect after hernia surgery.
- University of Michigan. (August 2019). Open Inguinal Hernia Repair (Herniorrhaphy, Hernioplasty).
- American College of Surgeons. (2018). Groin Hernia Repair: Inguinal and Femoral.
- Schjøth-Iversen L, Refsum A, Brudvik KW. Factors associated with hernia recurrence after laparoscopic total extraperitoneal repair for inguinal hernia: a 2-year prospective cohort study. Hernia. 2017 Oct;21(5):729-735. doi:10.1007/s10029-017-1634-7
- Chowbey PK, Pithawala M, Khullar R, Sharma A, Soni V, Baijal M. Complications in groin hernia surgery and the way out. J Minim Access Surg. 2006 Sep; 2(3): 174–177. doi:10.4103/0972-9941.27734
- Andresen K, Rosenberg J. Management of chronic pain after hernia repair. J Pain Res. 2018; 11: 675–681. doi:10.2147/JPR.S127820
- Lindmark M, Strigård K, Löwenmark T, Dahlstrand U, Gunnarsson U. Risk Factors for Surgical Complications in Ventral Hernia Repair. World J Surg. 2018; 42(11): 3528–3536. doi:10.1007/s00268-018-4642-6
Rae Uddin has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2004. She specializes in scientific journalism and medical and technical writing. Her work has appeared in various online publications. Uddin earned her Master of Science in integrated biomedical sciences with an emphasis in molecular and cellular biochemistry from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.