Many supplements claim to raise testosterone levels, including fenugreek. Increases in testosterone, the most anabolic, or growth-inducing hormone in your body, would lead to increases in lean muscle mass. Increases in testosterone also lead to increases in fertility and improved sexual health, as well as stimulating your immune system. Unfortunately, fenugreek does none of these things.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Fenugreek is literally Greek hay, and is commonly used in cooking. It is currently produced in largest quantity in India. Fenugreek is traditionally used in the preparation of curry powders, pickles and pastes. The dried leaves have a strong smell and are quite bitter. Fenugreek is said to have numerous medicinal properties, including relieving arthritis pain, treatment of diabetes and assistance in lactation. Only recently have claims of increases in testosterone been advanced, and those only by the manufacturer.
- Fenugreek is literally Greek hay, and is commonly used in cooking.
- Fenugreek is said to have numerous medicinal properties, including relieving arthritis pain, treatment of diabetes and assistance in lactation.
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Testosterone is a steroidal hormone. This refers only to its chemical construct, not to any specific properties. Many compounds are steroidal in nature based purely upon their construct, but do not raise testosterone levels. Vitamin D3 is a steroidal compound, and so is estrogen. Neither contributes to increases in male fertility or improvements in the anabolic process. Some steroidal hormones increase your chances of lactating - regardless of gender. So just because a compound may be steroidal in nature does not mean it increases testosterone levels.
- Testosterone is a steroidal hormone.
- Many compounds are steroidal in nature based purely upon their construct, but do not raise testosterone levels.
Fenugreek and Testosterone
As of June 2011, a thorough review of available literature reveals no studies that support the use of fenugreek in raising testosterone levels. A study showing no effect on testosterone levels, however, is readily apparent. In a 2009 study published in "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise," fenugreek supplementation was conclusively shown to have no effect on the hormonal profile of the test subjects 2. **In a study on male and female rabbits published in "Contraception" in 2006, fenugreek not only lowered circulating androgens, including testosterone, it decreased fertility in both genders 3.
Uses for Fenugreek
How to Make a Fenugreek Drink
Numerous uses exist in folklore and common practice, but studies do not exactly support this. Despite claims of usage for relieving pain from arthritis, no studies exist to support this practice. There is some evidence to support the use of fenugreek as a glucose disposal agent, which will have some use for diabetics. In a 1990 study published in the "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition," fenugreek supplementation was shown to improve blood glucose levels as measured by a glucose tolerance test 4. (See reference 5)
- Numerous uses exist in folklore and common practice, but studies do not exactly support this.
- There is some evidence to support the use of fenugreek as a glucose disposal agent, which will have some use for diabetics.
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Fenugreek Seeds & Low Estrogen
- "Textbook of Biochemistry With Clinical Correlations"; Thomas M. Devlin; 2010
- "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise"; Fenugreek Extract Supplementation Has No Effect on the Hormonal Profile of Resistance-Trained Males; Lem Taylor, et al.; May 2009
- "Contraception"; Evaluation of the Potential Antifertility Effect of Fenugreek Seeds in Male and Female Rabbits; A. Kassem, et al.; March 2006
- "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition"; Effect of Fenugreek Seeds on Blood Glucose and Serum Lipids in Type I Diabetes; R.D. Sharma, et al.; April 1990
- National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Fenugreek. Updated August 2020.
- Neelakantan N, Narayanan M, de Souza RJ, van Dam RM. Effect of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) intake on glycemia: A meta-analysis of clinical trials. Nutr J. 2014;13:7. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-7
- Gaddam A, Galla C, Thummisetti S, Marikanty RK, Palanisamy UD, Rao PV. Role of fenugreek in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in prediabetes. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2015;14:74. doi:10.1186/s40200-015-0208-4
- Turkyılmaz C, Onal E, Hirfanoglu IM, et al. The effect of galactagogue herbal tea on breast milk production and short-term catch-up of birth weight in the first week of life. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(2):139-142. doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0090
- Sim TF, Hattingh HL, Sherriff J, Tee LB. The use, perceived effectiveness and safety of herbal galactagogues during breastfeeding: A qualitative study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(9):11050-11071. doi:10.3390/ijerph120911050
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). Fenugreek. Updated May 1, 2019.
- Pattanittum P, Kunyanone N, Brown J, et al. Dietary supplements for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;3(3):CD002124. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002124.pub2
- Younesy S, Amiraliakbari S, Esmaeili S, Alavimajd H, Nouraei S. Effects of fenugreek seed on the severity and systemic symptoms of dysmenorrhea. J Reprod Infertil. 2014;15(1):41-48.
- Steels E, Rao A, Vitetta L. Physiological aspects of male libido enhanced by standardized Trigonella foenum-graecum extract and mineral formulation. Phytother Res. 2011 Feb 10. doi:10.1002/ptr.3360
- Wankhede S, Mohan V, Thakurdesai P. Beneficial effects of fenugreek glycoside supplementation in male subjects during resistance training: A randomized controlled pilot study [published correction appears in J Sport Health Sci. 2018 Apr;7(2):251]. J Sport Health Sci. 2016;5(2):176-182. doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2014.09.005
- Podebrad, F. et al. 4,5‐Dimethyl‐3‐hydroxy‐2[5H]‐furanone (sotolone) — The odour of maple syrup urine disease. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. Volume22, Issue2, April 1999 Pages 107-114 doi:10.1023/A:1005433516026
- U.S. Department of Agriculture. Spices, fenugreek seed. Updated April 1, 2019.
- American Botanical Council. Herbal medicine: Expanded Commission E: Fenugreek seed.
- Askarpour M, Alami F, Campbell MS, Venkatakrishnan K, Hadi A, Ghaedi E. Effect of fenugreek supplementation on blood lipids and body weight: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Ethnopharmacol. 2020;253:112538. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2019.112538
- Schoen C, Bielfeldt S. Fenugreek+micronutrients: Efficacy of a food supplement against hair loss. Kosmetische Medizin. 2006;27(4).
- Kulkarni M, Hastak V, Jadhav V, Date AA. Fenugreek leaf extract and its gel formulation show activity against Malassezia furfur. Assay Drug Dev Technol. 2020;18(1):45-55. doi:10.1089/adt.2019.918
Anthony Marrone holds a Ph.D. in kinesiology from the University of Michigan where he worked in both the athletic and nutrition departments. He began writing in 1985 and his writing has appeared in the "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research" and the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition."