What does fact checked mean?
At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data.
The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made.
People use alcohol and drugs for a number of reasons, but there are disadvantages to drug and alcohol use. If you think you might need to stop using alcohol or drugs due to negative effects, consider seeing a therapist that specializes in substance-abuse issues or attending a self-help group like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Use of alcohol and many drugs can lead to addiction. Often, addiction occurs at least in part because these substances trigger a release of dopamine in the brain, which feels good. A person begins to crave more and more alcohol or drugs to get that good feeling. Once someone becomes addicted, his life begins to revolve around alcohol or drugs and he cannot stop using them. He continues to use alcohol or drugs despite numerous negative consequences. Many addicts require professional help to stop using alcohol or drugs.
- Use of alcohol and many drugs can lead to addiction.
- Once someone becomes addicted, his life begins to revolve around alcohol or drugs and he cannot stop using them.
Reasons Why Teenagers Run Away
Many drugs and alcohol can lead to withdrawal symptoms when a heavy user attempts to stop using 3. Symptoms vary from drug to drug. For instance, symptoms of opiate withdrawal include anxiety, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting 2. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include shakiness, nausea, hallucinations and seizures 3. Addicts may need medical treatment during the withdrawal process.
Alcohol and drug use has many negative health consequences. For instance, excessive alcohol use can cause damage to the liver and pancreas, ulcers, diabetes and heart problems. Cocaine use can cause holes in the nasal cartilage, lung damage, ulcers, kidney failure and heart attacks 5.
Factors Encouraging Drug Abuse
Alcohol and drugs cause mood changes. Some people like some of the mood changes. For instance, they may feel happy or even euphoric. They may feel relaxed. Alcohol and drugs can cause unpleasant mood changes, too, though. Alcohol and many drugs can lead to depression. Some drugs cause anxiety, irritability or even paranoia. These mood changes can create problems in relationships and on the job.
- Alcohol and drugs cause mood changes.
- Alcohol and many drugs can lead to depression.
Adults can use alcohol legally and people can also use prescription drugs legally as long as they use them as prescribed. Many drugs are illegal, though. People who use illegal drugs, people who drive while under the influence of drugs or alcohol and people who use prescription drugs improperly can face legal problems, including fines, the loss of a driver’s license and jail time. People may also lose their jobs if they fail drug tests at work.
- Adults can use alcohol legally and people can also use prescription drugs legally as long as they use them as prescribed.
- People may also lose their jobs if they fail drug tests at work.
Reasons Why Teenagers Run Away
Factors Encouraging Drug Abuse
What Are Some Solutions to Drug Abuse?
The Effects of Drug Addiction on Relationships
Emotional Effects of Alcohol Abuse
How to Help Your Cocaine-Addicted Friend
How to Tell If a Person Is Using Cocaine
What Drugs Increase Sexual Desire?
Effects of Drug Abuse on the Body
Ambien & Liver Problems
- BBC News: Why Alcohol Is Addictive
- Medline Plus: Opiate Withdrawal
- Medline Plus: Alcohol Withdrawal
- Oregon Counseling: Biological Impacts of Alcohol Use
- Web MD: Cocaine Use and Its Effects
- National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK). Acute Alcohol Withdrawal. In: Alcohol Use Disorders: Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Alcohol-Related Physical Complications. London: Royal College of Physicians (UK); 2010.
- Becker HC. Alcohol Dependence, Withdrawal, and Relapse. Alcohol Res Health. 2008;31(4):348-361.
- Mirijello A, D'Angelo C, Ferrulli A, et al. Identification and Management of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome. Drugs. 2015;75(4):353-365. doi:10.1007/s40265-015-0358-1
- Haass-Koffler CL, Leggio L, Kenna GA. Pharmacological Approaches to Reducing Craving in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders. CNS Drugs. 2014;28(4):343-360. doi:10.1007/s40263-014-0149-3
- Jesse S, Bråthen G, Ferrara M, et al. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome: mechanisms, manifestations, and management. Acta Neurol Scand. 2017;135(1):4-16. doi:10.1111/ane.12671
- Arnedt JT, Conroy DA, Brower KJ. Treatment Options for Sleep Disturbances During Alcohol Recovery. J Addict Dis. 2007;26(4):41-54. doi:10.1300/J069v26n04_06
- Saitz R. Introduction to Alcohol Withdrawal. Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(1):5-12.
- Caton CL, Drake RE, Hasin DS, et al. Differences Between Early-Phase Primary Psychotic Disorders With Concurrent Substance Use and Substance-Induced Psychoses. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(2):137-145. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.62.2.137
- American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fifth Edition DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association. 2013.
- Justice Institute of British Columbia. Substance Use/Misuse Certificate Program. Victoria, BC. 2001.
Kelly Morris has been making a living as a writer since 2004. She attended the College of Mount St. Joseph with a major in social work and minor in women's studies. Her work has appeared in a number of print publications including Caregivers Home Companion, Midwifery Today and Guide.