Cold sores are sores caused by the herpes simplex one and the herpes simplex two viruses. These sores are commonly found on the lips, nostrils, mouth and external genitalia. However, the herpes simplex viruses may also cause lesions anywhere on an individual's skin, including on the back of the neck.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
The viruses that cause cold sores are found throughout every continent in the world. Transmitted by contact with an open sore, the herpes virus causes fever, muscle pain, and fatigue. These symptoms last between three and 14 days. After these symptoms subside, painful white, fluid-filled bumps appear. The sores appear in the area where the virus entered the body.
The herpes viruses usually enter an individual's system through the mucous membrane of the mouth or genital tract. In the case of gladiator herpes, the viruses use damaged skin as a point of entry. If left untreated, the sores resolve themselves in about two weeks.
Gladiator herpes is common in people who are involved in sports such as wrestling, judo, kickboxing and other activities where close physical contact is required. Because these sports encourage physical closeness, participants often incur skin damage, leaving them open to infection. Athletes should avoid engaging in these activities while they have herpes sores.
A physician will diagnose this condition by speaking with the patient and examining the sores. Samples may be taken from the sore to confirm the diagnosis. In these cases, laboratory analysis is used to confirm the diagnosis.
The treatment of a herpetic sore on the neck is the same as any type of herpes. This treatment is combined with the use of anti-viral drugs, such as acyclovir. A physician will prescribe the drugs for oral or topical administration.
Cold sores are sores caused by the herpes simplex one and the herpes simplex two viruses. Transmitted by contact with an open sore, the herpes virus causes fever, muscle pain, and fatigue. After these symptoms subside, painful white, fluid-filled bumps appear. The sores appear in the area where the virus entered the body. A physician will prescribe the drugs for oral or topical administration.
- "Preventive and Social Medicine"; K. Park, J. E. Park; 1995
- "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 16th Edition"; Lawrence Madoff, James Macguire, Kenneth Brandt, Bruce Gillaind, Scott Thaier; 2005
- "Control of Communicable Diseases Manual 18th Edition ;" David L. Heymann; 2004
- JamieHaxby/iStock/Getty Images