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Since kidneys regulate water and minerals in our body, as well as remove waste, dialysis is needed to complete this process in individuals who have impaired kidney function. People on dialysis require specific nutritional considerations, including increased protein, and limiting their sodium intake.
Add Protein to Each Meal
People with dialysis require increased protein to help maintain protein levels in the blood and to improve overall health. Individuals on dialysis should consume eight to 10 ounces of high-protein foods every day, according to the National Kidney Foundation. One ounce of protein is equivalent to one egg, 1/4 cup of tuna, 1/4 quarter cup of ricotta cheese, or one slice of low-sodium lunch meat. Examples of three ounces of protein include a medium pork chop, 1/4 pound of hamburger patty, one-half chicken breast and one medium fish fillet. You can meet this protein requirement by adding a 3-ounce serving of protein at breakfast, lunch and dinner daily.
Choose Foods Low in Phosphorus
When an excess amount of phosphorus exists in the blood, it depletes calcium from the bones. Dialysis patients can have six to 11 servings of grains or cereals per day. It is important to limit dairy intake to 1/2 cup of milk, 1/2 cup of yogurt or 1 ounce of cheese per day.
Sample Easy Meals
For breakfast, try 1/2 cup of cranberry juice or apple juice, two eggs, two pieces of white toast and a 6-ounce cup of coffee.
Avoid These Foods
Foods high in potassium include:
- collard greens
Dialysis patients should also avoid foods high in sodium, which includes bacon, beef jerky, canned meats, cured or smoked meat, biscuits, noodles in boxed mixes, baked beans, pickles, canned soup or broth and packaged snack foods such as
Limiting sodium helps reduce fluid buildup and can help with high-blood pressure. For a specific, individualized diet plan, consult a Registered Dietitian.
White Bread slice cut out People on dialysis should steer clear of whole grains and high-fiber foods such as whole-wheat bread, bran cereal and brown rice, because they are high in phosphorus. Individuals on dialysis should consume eight to 10 ounces of high-protein foods every day, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Dialysis patients can have six to 11 servings of grains or cereals per day.
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