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Cornbread with butter drizzled on top is a classic American treat, but you might hesitate to eat it if you are concerned about its gluten content. Although most Americans consume foods containing gluten every day, trouble-free, some suffer side effects, including bloating and irritation of the small intestine. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that makes you sick whenever you eat gluten 1. Symptoms of celiac disease include weight loss, pain and lethargy 1.
Glutens are proteins contained in wheat, barley and rye foodstuffs. Rice and corn are grains that are naturally gluten free 2. Corn does contain some amino acids or building blocks of proteins, but it doesn't have the same ones that cause digestive problems in some humans. Glutens in wheat provide the elasticity that helps form bread and gives a satisfying chew to pizza dough. Corn flour doesn't have the glue-like quality of wheat flour, so you typically add a binder such as eggs to corn flour dough to keep it intact when baking.
- Glutens are proteins contained in wheat, barley and rye foodstuffs.
- Corn flour doesn't have the glue-like quality of wheat flour, so you typically add a binder such as eggs to corn flour dough to keep it intact when baking.
What Is Sorghum Flour?
Corn flour works well as a substitute for wheat flour and provides a pleasant, slightly gritty texture to breads and cakes. If you just want to cut down on the amount of gluten in your breads, pancakes or tortillas, you can mix corn flour together with wheat flour to get a product that holds together well but also has a distinct corn flavor. You can use corn flour as a thickener in stews and soups, but be aware that it will impart its flavor profile to your foods.
Corn meal and corn flours were staples in Native American cultures before Europeans adopted it as a crop. Corn also had its public relation problems when Europeans who relied on corn as a staple developed pellagra. Now understood as the result of an incomplete processing of corn grain, pellagra results from niacin deficiency, and symptoms include insomnia, aggression and intolerance of sunlight. Native Americans in Mexico soaked corn in lime water, a process that liberated niacin and made it available for absorption. When purchasing corn products, check the packaging information to make sure the only starches or flour used are from corn, not blends of different grains.
- Corn meal and corn flours were staples in Native American cultures before Europeans adopted it as a crop.
- Native Americans in Mexico soaked corn in lime water, a process that liberated niacin and made it available for absorption.
Side Effects of Semolina
Following a gluten-free diet is mandatory for those people diagnosed with an existing disorder or sensitivity, but you might elect to avoid gluten for other reasons. The breads, pastries and pastas that contain gluten also can be calorie-dense, so reducing consumption of those foods can help weight loss efforts. Merely substituting gluten-containing cakes with those that are gluten-free will not aid weight loss efforts. Many foods containing gluten are fortified with vitamins and minerals. By eliminating all gluten from your diet, you can also inadvertently lower important nutrients such as folate in your daily intake, so talk with your health care provider or nutritionist before embarking on a totally gluten-free diet.
- Following a gluten-free diet is mandatory for those people diagnosed with an existing disorder or sensitivity, but you might elect to avoid gluten for other reasons.
- The breads, pastries and pastas that contain gluten also can be calorie-dense, so reducing consumption of those foods can help weight loss efforts.
What Is Sorghum Flour?
Side Effects of Semolina
Is Hydrolyzed Corn Gluten Safe for Celiacs?
Gluten & Yeast Free Foods
List of Wheat-Free Foods
Does Corn on the Cob Provide All of the Essential Amino Acids?
Semolina Flour & Gluten
Hunt's Tomato Ketchup: Gluten-Free Information
Gluten-Free Pasta Ingredients
Gluten-Free Mediterranean Diet
- MedlinePlus: Celiac Disease -- Nutritional Considerations
- Exploratorium: Goodness Gracious! Great Balls of Gluten!
- The Cook's Thesaurus: Wheat Flours; Lori Alden
- Fitness; Healthy Diet Myths Debunked; Karen Ansel;
- Celiac Disease Foundation. Gluten-Free 101: What You Need to Know. Published January 31, 2016.
- Falcomer AL, Santos Araújo L, Farage P, Santos Monteiro J, Yoshio Nakano E, Puppin Zandonadi R. Gluten contamination in food services and industry: A systematic review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020;60(3):479-493. doi:10.1080/10408398.2018.1541864
- Celiac Disease Foundation. Sources of Gluten.
- Batey IL, Huang W. Gluten and Modified Gluten. Reference Module in Food Science. 2016. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.00157-8
- Kristjánsson G, Högman M, Venge P, Hällgren R. Gut mucosal granulocyte activation precedes nitric oxide production: studies in coeliac patients challenged with gluten and corn. Gut. 2005;54(6):769-74. doi:10.1136/gut.2004.057174
- Ortiz-Sánchez JP, Cabrera-Chávez F, De la Barca AM. Maize prolamins could induce a gluten-like cellular immune response in some celiac disease patients. Nutrients. 2013;5(10):4174-83. doi:10.3390/nu5104174
- Corn Refiners Association (CRA). Starches.
- Molina-Infante J, Carroccio A. Suspected Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity Confirmed in Few Patients After Gluten Challenge in Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trials. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;15(3):339-348. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2016.08.007
- U.S. Food & Drug Administration. Questions and Answers on the Gluten-Free Food Labeling Final Rule. Updated July 16, 2018.
Barrett Barlowe is an award-winning writer and artist specializing in fitness, health, real estate, fine arts, and home and gardening. She is a former professional cook as well as a digital and traditional artist with many major film credits. Barlowe holds a Bachelor of Arts in English and French and a Master of Fine Arts in film animation.