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American ginseng is an herb found in North America. The root of the plant has been used for a number of medicinal purposes. The thyroid gland occasionally produces too much or too little thyroid hormones, making it necessary for some people to take medications. If you are on any type of thyroid medication, consult with your physician before taking any herbal supplements.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
American ginseng is used to treat various medical conditions. According to the National Institutes of Health, American ginseng may possibly be effective in lowering blood sugar and preventing infections, such as cold and influenza, in adults. However, there is not enough research to rate the effectiveness of American ginseng in the treatment of these disorders.
- American ginseng is used to treat various medical conditions.
- However, there is not enough research to rate the effectiveness of American ginseng in the treatment of these disorders.
Warnings About Taking Skullcap
American ginseng is rated as “possibly safe” in adults and children when used in the short-term, according to the National Institutes of Health. Side effects of American ginseng are generally mild and include diarrhea, insomnia, itching, headache and anxiety. Rarer side effects are rapid heartbeat, changes in blood pressure and breast tenderness or vaginal bleeding in women. Liver damage and a severe allergic reaction have been noted in individuals when taking American ginseng. The herb can also cause a rash called Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
- American ginseng is rated as “possibly safe” in adults and children when used in the short-term, according to the National Institutes of Health.
- Side effects of American ginseng are generally mild and include diarrhea, insomnia, itching, headache and anxiety.
Interactions with Thyroid Medications
No interactions between American ginseng and any type of thyroid medications have been reported 3. Common medications for thyroid include:
- levothyroxine sodium
- desiccated thyroid
According to Drugs.com, there is no interaction between American ginseng and any of these drugs 3. In cases of hyperthyroidism, beta blockers may be prescribed to help slow a rapid heartbeat. Beta blockers and ginseng do not have a negative interaction and can generally be taken together.
- No interactions between American ginseng and any type of thyroid medications have been reported 3.
- Common medications for thyroid include: * levothyroxine
* levothyroxine sodium
* desiccated thyroid
* methimazole According to Drugs.com, there is no interaction between American ginseng and any of these drugs 3.
Korean Ginseng and Weight Loss
Consult your physician before taking any herbal supplements or changing your diet. Ginseng can interact with other medications and certain illnesses. American ginseng may interact with certain medications used to treat depression called monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or MAOs. Because American ginseng might decrease blood sugar, use it with caution when taking medications for type 2 diabetes. Although no dosing has been established, specific dosages have been investigated in research. For preventing infections, take 200 mg of American ginseng twice a day for three to four months.
- Consult your physician before taking any herbal supplements or changing your diet.
- Because American ginseng might decrease blood sugar, use it with caution when taking medications for type 2 diabetes.
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- Medline Plus; Ginseng, American; February 2011
- University of Maryland Medical Center; Hyperthyroidism; Steven D. Ehrlich; February 2010
- Drugs.com: Ginseng Drug Interactions
- eMedTV; List of Beta Blockers; Kristi Monson; May 2009
- Mancuso C, Santangelo R. Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolius: From pharmacology to toxicology. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017;107(Pt A):362–372. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2017.07.019
- Arring NM, Millstine D, Marks LA, Nail LM. Ginseng as a treatment for fatigue: A systematic review. J Altern Complement Med. 2018;24(7):624–633. doi:10.1089/acm.2017.0361
- Barton DL, Soori GS, Bauer BA, et al. Pilot study of Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng) to improve cancer-related fatigue: a randomized, double-blind, dose-finding evaluation: NCCTG trial N03CA. Support Care Cancer. 2010;18(2):179–187. doi:10.1007/s00520-009-0642-2
- Best T, Clarke C, Nuzum N, Teo WP. Acute effects of combined Bacopa, American ginseng and whole coffee fruit on working memory and cerebral haemodynamic response of the prefrontal cortex: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study [published online ahead of print, 2019 Nov 18]. Nutr Neurosci. 2019;1–12. doi:10.1080/1028415X.2019.1690288
- Jenkins AL, Morgan LM, Bishop J, Jovanovski E, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V. Co-administration of a konjac-based fibre blend and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) on glycaemic control and serum lipids in type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled, cross-over clinical trial. Eur J Nutr. 2018;57(6):2217–2225. doi:10.1007/s00394-017-1496-x
- Mousa HA. Prevention and treatment of influenza, influenza-like illness, and common cold by herbal, complementary, and natural therapies. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2017;22(1):166–174. doi:10.1177/2156587216641831
- Seida JK, Durec T, Kuhle S. North American (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian Ginseng (Panax ginseng) preparations for prevention of the common cold in healthy adults: A systematic review. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:282151. doi:10.1093/ecam/nep068
- PennState Hershey: Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. American ginseng. Updated April 27, 2016.
Ireland Wolfe has been writing professionally since 2009, contributing to Toonari Post, Africana Online and Winzer Insurance. She obtained her Bachelor of Arts in psychology and Master of Arts in mental health counseling. She is also a licensed mental health counselor, registered nutritionist and yoga teacher.