What does fact checked mean?
At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data.
The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made.
Torn ligaments and bone injuries are painful occurrences that can interfere with your ability to perform daily tasks as well as exercise and participate in sports. The goal of treatment for a ligament or bone injury is to reduce pain and promote proper healing 3. A pineapple enzyme -- known as bromelain -- may be able to help promote the healing of injuries. Bromelain is not a substitute for medical treatment. Always consult a doctor if you suspect injury.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Ligaments are connective tissues that help to hold tendons -- the tissues that connect muscles to bones -- in place and help to stabilize your joints. A ligament tear can occur as the result of participation in sports, a direct blow to a body part or the abnormal twisting or turning of a joint such as an ankle. A torn ligament can be as minor as a sprain or as severe as a complete ligament rupture. Pain, swelling, bruising, pain while walking, redness and limited range of motion are all symptoms of a torn ligament. Treatment depends largely on the severity of your injury. Rest, ice, elevation and immobilization are often all that is necessary to treatment ligament injuries. In severe cases, surgery may be required.
- Ligaments are connective tissues that help to hold tendons -- the tissues that connect muscles to bones -- in place and help to stabilize your joints.
- Pain, swelling, bruising, pain while walking, redness and limited range of motion are all symptoms of a torn ligament.
Vitamins for Tendinitis
Broken bones, or fractures, are common injuries that can affect individuals of all ages and activity levels. A fracture is any split or break in a bone. This can occur as the result of a traumatic injury -- a fall, direct blow or car accident, or repetitive stress placed on a bone known as a stress fracture. A broken bone may cause pain, swelling, bleeding, bruising, numbness, limited mobility or a joint that is noticeably out of place. Treatment for a broken bone may include immobilization or surgery, depending on the location and severity of the break.
- Broken bones, or fractures, are common injuries that can affect individuals of all ages and activity levels.
- Treatment for a broken bone may include immobilization or surgery, depending on the location and severity of the break.
Bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes -- digestive proteins -- that are located in the center of pineapples. The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates that the pineapple has been used for years in Central and South America for the treatment of indigestion and inflammation 1. This enzyme was first isolated from the pineapple in the late 1800s and has multiple uses in the treatment of medical conditions. Bromelain can be used to treat pain following surgery or injury, wounds, burns, indigestion, sinusitis and arthritis. Available in capsule, tablet or topical form, bromelain should be used only with your doctor's permission.
- Bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes -- digestive proteins -- that are located in the center of pineapples.
- The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates that the pineapple has been used for years in Central and South America for the treatment of indigestion and inflammation 1.
Bromelaiin and Injuries
Is Pineapple Juice Good for Arthritis Pain?
The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates bromelain is particularly effective in treating inflammation caused by injuries 1. Bromelain can help to reduce pain, swelling and bruising along with improve healing time following injuries along with surgeries that may be required to correct injuries. Bromelain is commonly used to reduce inflammation associated with sprains, strains, muscle injuries and tendinitis. Bromelain can also help to remove scarred tissue as the result of surgery.
- The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates bromelain is particularly effective in treating inflammation caused by injuries 1.
- Bromelain can help to reduce pain, swelling and bruising along with improve healing time following injuries along with surgeries that may be required to correct injuries.
Vitamins for Tendinitis
Is Pineapple Juice Good for Arthritis Pain?
Supplements to Help Plantar Fasciitis
Glutamine and Sprained Tendons
Pineapple for Headache
Symptoms of a Torn Tendon in the Big Toe
How to Rehab a Suspensory Strain
Treatment & Exercise for a Spinal Compression Fracture
Running & Collarbone Pain
Vitamin B-6 & Tendonitis
- University of Maryland Medical Center: Bromelain
- National Institutes of Health: Broken Bone; May 2, 2009
- Duke Orthopedics: Ligament and Tendon Injury
- Ameye LG, Chee WS. Osteoarthritis and nutrition. From nutraceuticals to functional foods: a systematic review of the scientific evidence. Arthritis Res Ther. 2006;8(4): R127.
- Baez R, Lopes MT, Salas CE, Hernandez M. In vivo antitumoral activity of stem pineapple (Ananas comosus) bromelain. Planta Med. 2007 Oct;73(13):1377-83.
- Braun JM, Schneider B, Beuth HJ. Therapeutic use, efficiency and safety of the proteolytic pineapple enzyme Bromelain-POS in children with acute sinusitis in Germany. In Vivo. 2005;19:417–421.
- Brien S, Lewith G, Walker A, Hicks SM, Middleton D. Bromelain as a Treatment for Osteoarthritis: a Review of Clinical Studies. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004 Dec;1(3):251-257.
- Brien S1, Lewith G, Walker AF, Middleton R, Prescott P, Bundy R. Bromelain as an adjunctive treatment for moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized placebo-controlled pilot study. QJM. 2006 Dec;99(12):841-50.
- Buttner L, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of bromelain in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis—a pilot study. B-ENT. 2013;9(3):217-25.
- Chobotova K1, Vernallis AB, Majid FA. Bromelain's activity and potential as an anti-cancer agent: Current evidence and perspectives. Cancer Lett. 2010 Apr 28;290(2):148-56.
- Dhandayuthapani S1, Perez HD, Paroulek A, Chinnakkannu P, Kandalam U, Jaffe M, Rathinavelu A. Bromelain-induced apoptosis in GI-101A breast cancer cells. J Med Food. 2012 Apr;15(4):344-9.
- Guo R, Canter PH, Ernst E. Herbal medicines for the treatment of rhinosinusitis: a systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Oct;135(4):496-506.
- Hale LP1, Greer PK, Trinh CT, Gottfried MR. Treatment with oral bromelain decreases colonic inflammation in the IL-10-deficient murine model of inflammatory bowel disease. Clin Immunol. 2005 Aug;116(2):135-42.
- Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Bromelain.
- National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Bromelain.
- Onken JE, Greer PK, Calingart B, Hale LP. Bromelain treatment decreases secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by colon biopsies in vitro. Clin Immunol. 2008 Mar;126(3):345-52. Epub 2007 Dec 21.
- Pavan R1, Jain S, Shraddha, Kumar A. Properties and therapeutic application of bromelain: a review. Biotechnol Res Int. 2012;2012:976203.
- Rathnavelu Vidhya, et al. Potential role of bromelain in clinical and therapeutic applications. Biomed Rep. 2016 Sep; 5(3): 283–288.
- Rosenberg L, Shoham Y, Krieger Y, et al. Minimally invasive burn care: a review of seven clinical studies of rapid and selective debridement using a bromelain-based debriding enzyme (Nexobrid). Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2015 Dec 31;28(4):264-274.
- Ryan RE. A double-blind clinical evaluation of bromelains in the treatment of acute sinusitis. Headache. 1967;7:13-17.
- Secor ER Jr1, Shah SJ, Guernsey LA, Schramm CM, Thrall RS. Bromelain limits airway inflammation in an ovalbumin-induced murine model of established asthma. Altern Ther Health Med. 2012 Sep-Oct;18(5):9-17.
- Tejpal Singh, Vinayak More, Umayra Fatima, Tanveer Karpe, Mohammed A. Aleem, J. Prameela. Effect of proteolytic enzyme bromelain on pain and swelling after removal of third molars. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2016 Dec; 6(Suppl 3): S197–S204.
- Walker AF1, Bundy R, Hicks SM, Middleton RW. Bromelain reduces mild acute knee pain and improves well-being in a dose-dependent fashion in an open study of otherwise healthy adults. Phytomedicine. 2002 Dec;9(8):681-6.
Michelle Zehr started writing professionally in 2009. She has written on health, fitness, fashion, interior design, home decorating,sports and finance for several websites. Zehr possesses a Bachelor of Arts in communication from the University of Pittsburgh, a Master of Arts in professional writing from Chatham University and a graduate certificate in health promotion from California University of Pennsylvania.