In addition to its general effects on physical and mental well-being, regular physical activity may be linked to improved concentration and learning abilities. Whether you wish to improve your concentration on everyday tasks, command the attention of a group of students or treat the symptoms of an attention deficit disorder, regular physical activity may help.
Exercise vs. Extra Lessons in Children
In a 2007 report, Dr. Stewart Trost of Oregon State University links as little as 15 minutes of physical activity to improved concentration, memory and classroom behavior among elementary school students. Contrary to what may be expected, the improved concentration and academic performance were more pronounced among children who exercised than in those who had an additional lesson. As such, eliminating breaks for physical activity to fit in additional lessons may be counterproductive when teaching children.
Exercise and Youth Concentration
Reviewing the research on the effects of physical activity on youth academic performance, Nanci Hellmich of "USA Today" supports the findings reported by Trost. In addition to finding that breaks for recess are more beneficial to classroom concentration than extra lessons, Hellmich reports in her 2010 article that there are no negative associations between extra time for physical activity and concentration. Drawing from a large review of the research, Hellmich reports that increasing the time that students spend in physical education classes improves attention, concentration and scores on standardized academic achievement tests.
Exercise and Adult Concentration
Mary Carmichael of "Newsweek" magazine reported similar findings in a 2007 article, finding children who performed best on fitness tests were also more likely to score highest on academic and concentration tests. Such effects were also found to extend to adults, with a three-month aerobic exercise program linked to the formation of new neurons and more diverse, denser interconnections between them. In addition to improving concentration and overall brain functioning, Carmichael reports that these effects of physical activity may be linked to preventing a range of cognitive and neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD.
ADHD and Physical Activity
While ADHD can manifest as a disorder of hyperactivity, inattention or a mixture of the two, problems related to concentration are common for those living with this disorder. According to a 2008 book by Dr. Amnon Gimpel of the Jerusalem, Israel, Brain Power Clinic, titled "Brain Exercises to Cure ADHD," physical activity may help to treat and prevent the symptoms of ADHD among both children and adults. While he lists a number of physical and mental exercises, Gimpel points out that activities that combine physical and mental focus, such as martial arts, yoga and dancing, may be the most effective at increasing concentration and improving the symptoms of ADHD.