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Can Carbs and Sugar Cause Acid Reflux?

By Matthew Lee

Gastroesophageal reflux, or acid reflux, happens when the contents of your stomach rise back up into your esophagus. A number of lifestyle and dietary factors contribute to this uncomfortable condition, including when, how and what you eat. Although sugar and carbohydrates don't cause acid reflux, you might experience symptoms if you overeat these foods, particularly if you do so shortly before bedtime.

Acid Reflux and Nutrition

You might be able to control acid reflux symptoms by avoiding certain foods and beverages, advises the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. These include greasy foods, spicy foods, peppermint, caffeinated beverages, chocolate and alcohol. The Stanford University Medical Center also recommends avoiding citrus fruits and juices and fatty or oily foods. Sugar and carbohydrates do not seem to directly trigger acid reflux, however.

Overeating, Mealtimes and Obesity

Even though sugar and carbohydrates don't cause acid reflux, they still can contribute to your symptoms in a few ways. Just as eating excessively large meals can cause acid reflux, you might experience symptoms if you overeat foods high in sugar or carbs. In addition, overconsumption can lead to obesity, another risk factor for acid reflux. Also, avoid eating sugar, carbs and other foods within two to three hours of bedtime to help prevent acid reflux.

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