Monitor the health of your community here

Is Omega-3 an Antioxidant?

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fat and are derived from either fish or plant sources. “Antioxidant” refers to the chemical property of substances that are able to neutralize free radical damage in the body. While omega-3s do not rank among the super antioxidants, a study in the August 2002 "Journal of the American College of Nutrition” reports that they do lower free radical levels 3. Omega-3s may also increase activity of antioxidant enzymes manufactured by the body.

About Antioxidants

When your body breaks down foods or is exposed to environmental toxins, it produces unstable compounds called free radicals. Antioxidants are believed to protect your body against oxidative stress by neutralizing free radicals. Thousands of different substances in foods can act as antioxidants.

Antioxidant Sources

In observational studies diets high in antioxidant-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables have been associated with lower risk for many chronic diseases. Some of the richest vegetables sources include artichokes, broccoli, red cabbage and white and sweet potatoes. Small red, black, kidney and pinto beans are also high in antioxidants.

About Omega-3s

The omega-3 fatty acids include DHA and EPA, found in fish, and ALA, found in plant foods. Omega-3s have many heart benefits -- they protect against arrhythmias, heart attack and stroke. Due to their anti-inflammatory effects, omega-3s may be beneficial in treating rheumatoid arthritis, asthma and Crohn’s disease, according to Pharmacist’s Letter.

Antioxidant activity is a potential mechanism through which omega-3 fatty acids may reduce inflammation. In rats, omega-3s increased production of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase 6. In people with Type 2 diabetes, omega-3s increased glutathione peroxidase but not other antioxidant enzymes, according to a 2002 study published in "Diabetes Metabolism. 6"

Omega 3 Sources

Fish that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids include salmon, mackerel, lake trout, sardines and tuna. Some omega-3 sources are also rich in other antioxidants. For example, flaxseed and walnuts are high in vitamin E, while salmon and tuna are high in selenium.

The Wrap Up

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fat and are derived from either fish or plant sources. “ Omega-3s may also increase activity of antioxidant enzymes manufactured by the body. Thousands of different substances in foods can act as antioxidants. For example, flaxseed and walnuts are high in vitamin E, while salmon and tuna are high in selenium.

×