No matter the reason for your finger surgery, it's important to precisely follow doctor's instructions following the actual procedure. Your physician may provide you with the equipment needed to keep your hand and fingers in place -- including finger splints, gauze, tape and braces. If you experience severe or uncharacteristic pain following finger surgery, consult your doctor immediately.
Take either a prescribed or over-the-counter pain medication to alleviate any discomfort or pain. Depending on your case, your doctor may prescribe a stronger pain medication than over-the-counter drugs.
Create an ice pack by putting ice cubes in a sealable plastic bag. Cover the bag in a clean, dry washcloth and place over the hand for 15 minutes once every one to three hours.
Elevate your hand above your heart to reduce swelling and ease discomfort.
Change your hand dressing at least once every two days, if possible. Make sure the incision area is dry and clean, and do not apply any ointments unless instructed by your doctor.
Speak to your doctor about getting a referral to a hand therapist after your cast, splint or brace has been removed for good. According to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand, you have to get a prescription before meeting with a hand therapist.
Avoid physical activity until you've been given permission to do so by your doctor.