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- MedlinePlus - Diverticulitis
- National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse - Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made.
Diverticulosis occurs when small pouches, known as diverticula, form along the lining of the intestine. During the digestion process, small pieces of food may become stuck in the diverticula, which results in inflammation known as diverticulitis 1. It occurs most often in the colon, specifically the sigmoid colon. According to MedlinePlus, a low fiber diet is a risk factor for diverticulosis.
Eat High Fiber
According to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC), fiber keeps stool soft and reduces pressure in the colon allowing bowel contents to move through easily. Fiber intake should be between 20 and 35 grams per day. If a diet is low in dietary fiber, slowly increase intake by a few grams daily. This will allow the body to adjust properly and reduce constipation.
- According to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC), fiber keeps stool soft and reduces pressure in the colon allowing bowel contents to move through easily.
- Fiber intake should be between 20 and 35 grams per day.
Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are high in fiber. Raw produce with the peel or skin is an excellent way to boost the amount of fiber in the diet. Fruits highest in fiber include raspberries, pears and apples. High fiber vegetables include artichokes, peas, broccoli and turnips. Choose fruit as a snack or to replace desserts. Use vegetables in soups, to bulk up a sandwich or as part of a stir-fry dish.
- Fruits and vegetables are high in fiber.
- Fruits highest in fiber include raspberries, pears and apples.
Whole grains are a great way to increase fiber in the diet. Foods such as:
- 100 percent whole wheat bread
- steel-cut oatmeal
- brown rice
- whole wheat pasta are high in dietary fiber
Taste and flavor may vary between brands. It is important to try a variety of products to determine which whole grains are for you.
Seeds and Nuts
Soft Diet List After Bowel Surgery
For years, physicians have recommended that patients with diverticulosis avoid nuts and foods containing seeds. However, according to the NDDIC, no scientific data supports this treatment. Seeds found in strawberries, zucchini, tomatoes, cucumbers and raspberries are thought to be safe. Symptoms vary from person to person, making it important for you to recognize the foods that aggravate your body.
- For years, physicians have recommended that patients with diverticulosis avoid nuts and foods containing seeds.
- Symptoms vary from person to person, making it important for you to recognize the foods that aggravate your body.
Beans and Legumes
Beans and legumes are high in fiber. They are also high in protein, making them good substitutes for low fiber meat and poultry. Split peas, lentils, black beans and lima beans have more than 10 grams of fiber per cup. Side effects of high bean and legume consumption include gas and bloating.
- Beans and legumes are high in fiber.
- Side effects of high bean and legume consumption include gas and bloating.
Soft Diet List After Bowel Surgery
A Diverticulitis Diet Without Wheat
Flax Seeds & Hemorrhoids
High Fiber Diets That Cause Diarrhea
What Foods Help to Keep Bowel Movement Stools Soft When You Have Diverticulitis?
What Foods Can I Eat on a Low-Fiber Diet?
How to Use Stool Softeners
What Fruits & Vegetables Can You Eat With Diverticulitis
Do Some Foods Aggravate Diverticulitis?
- MedlinePlus - Diverticulitis
- Veronese N, Solmi M, Caruso MG, et al. Dietary fiber and health outcomes: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018;107(3):436-444. doi:10.1093/ajcn/nqx082
- Slavin JL, Lloyd B. Health benefits of fruits and vegetables. Adv Nutr. 2012;3(4):506-516. doi:10.3945/an.112.002154
- Raspberries, raw. FoodData Central. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Published April 1, 2019.
- Edamame, shelled. FoodData Central. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Published April 1, 2019.
- El-Salhy M, Ystad SO, Mazzawi T, Gundersen D. Dietary fiber in irritable bowel syndrome (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2017;40(3):607–613. doi:10.3892/ijmm.2017.3072
- Ma Y, Hu M, Zhou L, et al. Dietary fiber intake and risks of proximal and distal colon cancers: A meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018;97(36):e11678. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000011678
- Ma Y, Olendzki BC, Wang J, et al. Single-component versus multicomponent dietary goals for the metabolic syndrome: A randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(4):248-57. doi:10.7326/M14-0611
- Kim Y, Je Y. Dietary fibre intake and mortality from cardiovascular disease and all cancers: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2016;109(1):39-54. doi:10.1016/j.acvd.2015.09.005
- Hajishafiee M, Saneei P, Benisi-Kohansal S, Esmaillzadeh A. Cereal fibre intake and risk of mortality from all causes, CVD, cancer and inflammatory diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Br J Nutr. 2016;116(2):343-52. doi:10.1017/S0007114516001938
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015 – 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition.
- Juraschek SP, Miller ER 3rd, Weaver CM, Appel LJ. Effects of sodium reduction and the DASH diet in relation to baseline blood pressure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;70(23):2841–2848. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2017.10.011
Nicole Silva is a registered dietitian. She has been published in "Topics in Clinical Nutrition" and recently began a nutrition blog, Weight…That’s It! She graduated from Boston College with a bachelor’s degree in finance and Simmons College with a master’s degree in nutrition and a certificate in sports nutrition.