By the time your child reaches preschool age, she likely knows the main parts of the body, including hands, feet, ears, nose and eyes. Many preschoolers will delight in learning the more complex body parts, such as elbow, armpit, ankle or kneecap. You can incorporate several fun activities into your child's day to help her learn the different parts of her body. As she learns the names of body parts, add more parts to the activities to keep her engaged and interested.
Point to each part of your child's body and tell him the name of it. Start at the top of his head and work your way down to his toes. Have your child take a turn by pointing to one of his body parts and asking him what it is called. Tickle him when he gets the answer right to encourage him to have fun with the activity.
Make flashcards to teach your child body parts. Cut out pictures of different parts of the body from magazines and glue them to index cards. Show your child each flashcard and challenge her to tell you the name of the body part, and then point to that part of her own body. Make the activity more challenging by giving your child clues, such as "you can wiggle me" or "you use me to smell" suggests Lynne R. Weaver, author of "Rhymes, Riddles & Reasoning Activities to Make Kids Think, Grade Pre-K."
Play games that focus on body parts. Draw a picture of a body on a large piece of butcher paper or poster board. Give your child a bean bag, call out a body part and have your child throw the bean bag onto the poster board so it lands on that body part, suggests Kathy Charner, author of "The Giant Encyclopedia of Theme Activities for Children 2 to 5: Over 600 Favorite Activities Created by Teachers for Teachers." Try an alternate game by having your child throw the bean bag and then call out what body part it lands on. Play Simon Says by telling your child to put his hand on different parts of the body or by having him move different parts of his body.
Trace your child by having her lay down on a large piece of butcher paper. Give her crayons and encourage her to color herself in. Have your child tell you the name of each body part and label them accordingly. Point to different parts and challenge her to tell you the name of each one.
Talk about what each part of the body does while you and your child go about your daily activities to help reinforce the activities you have done with him. Tell him that you are using your nose to smell dinner and that he is using his ears to hear his bedtime story.
Do not make any body parts off limits. Answer your child's questions but also instruct her what parts of her body are private and should not be shown to others.