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How to Care for Your Urinary System

By Shemiah Williams

The urinary system is composed of the bladder, the urethra, two kidneys, two ureters and two sphincter muscles. The urinary system is responsible for assisting in the processing of foods and removing a chemical called urea from the body. Taking care of the urinary system is vital to supporting good health. There are general considerations for everyone to protect their urinary system. Some considerations, on the other hand, are gender specific.

  1. Drink plenty of water. It is generally recommended to drink at least eight 8-oz. glasses of water per day. It is OK to drink other fluids, such as juices. However water is vital to keeping the kidneys flushed. The University of Maryland Medical Center advises patients to drink cranberry juice to assist in flushing the kidneys. It is also important to limit the consumption of irritating beverages such as caffeine and alcohol. KidsHealth, a publication sponsored by the Nemours Foundation, advises patients to drink additional water to replace fluids lost during exercise.

  2. Use the bathroom when the urge arises. Holding it for too long can weaken the bladder muscles and lead to accidents. Whenever possible, plan to go to the bathroom regularly after drinking fluids regularly.

  3. Wipe front to back to prevent a urinary tract infection in female patients. Because the female urethra is an opening to the urinary tract, if bacteria is introduced into the tract it can cause an infection.

  4. Eat a healthy diet including fruits, vegetables, protein and whole grains. Eating a diet high in fat can place stress on the kidneys when attempting to extract urea during processing. The processing of foods with high concentrations of fat can result in the formation of kidney stones.

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