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Acne occurs when dead skin cells and oil block the pores. This allows bacteria to flourish, resulting in blemishes. Cystic acne, also known as nodular acne, causes cysts to form on the skin. Doctors prescribe the doxycycline antibiotic to kill the bacteria responsible for the formation of these cysts 23. Use of this medication requires an understanding of the side effects and possible risks.
Scientists classify doxycycline as a tetracycline antibiotic 23. This type of drug kills bacteria by binding to part of the DNA in the bacterial cell, according to the University of South Carolina School of Medicine 1. This action prevents bacterial protein from replicating, resulting in fewer bacteria to cause acne cysts. The use of doxycycline and other oral antibiotics also reduces inflammation and changes the composition of the oil produced by the sebaceous glands of the skin 23.
Doxycycline has several forms, all designed for oral use 23. These forms include syrup, liquid suspension, tablets, regular capsules and coated capsules. Because this drug may cause an upset stomach, you may take it with a meal or a glass of milk. Follow all of the administration instructions provided by your doctor to ensure the best results from using this drug.
This drug causes side effects that include nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, sores inside the mouth, swelling of the genitals, white patches inside the mouth, vaginal itching, diarrhea, vaginal discharge and sores on the lips.cause:
- This drug causes side effects that include nausea
- upset stomach
- sores inside the mouth
- swelling of the genitals
- white patches inside the mouth
- vaginal itching
- vaginal discharge
- sores on the lips
Doxycycline can also cause serious side effects 23. If you experience the signs of an allergic reaction, seek emergency assistance. These signs include trouble breathing, swelling of the throat and face, and hives.
Drugs.com reports that doxycycline may cause birth defects if used during pregnancy 23. If a pregnant woman uses doxycycline, it could cause discoloration of the child’s teeth later in life 23. This drug also affects the efficacy of oral contraceptives. While using doxycycline, you should use a backup method of birth control 23. Doxycycline increases sun sensitivity, so use sunscreen and wear protective clothing if you have to spend time outdoors while taking this prescription 23.
The use of doxycycline and other oral antibiotics also reduces inflammation and changes the composition of the oil produced by the sebaceous glands of the skin 23. If a pregnant woman uses doxycycline, it could cause discoloration of the child’s teeth later in life 23. Doxycycline increases sun sensitivity, so use sunscreen and wear protective clothing if you have to spend time outdoors while taking this prescription 23.
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