Varicose veins appear through the skin as twisted and gnarled protruding veins. The condition occurs when blood is unable to return to the heart and pools in the veins of the legs and feet. Increased age, pregnancy and obesity are risk factors associated with varicose veins. The condition remains common and is most likely seen in women, reports MedlinePlus. Often purple or blue in coloration, the veins are seldom painful. Still, many people feel varicose veins are unsightly and treatment is based on cosmetic reasons.
Wear compression hose or stockings. The stockings are generally worn throughout the day and come in a variety of styles and colors. The stockings gently squeeze the legs to increase blood flow and circulation. Avoid wearing high heels and opt for flat-soled shoes. Do not wear tight fitting clothing around the waist or groin are that cuts off circulation, advises MayoClinic.com.
Avoid standing for long periods by taking breaks throughout the day. MayoClinic.com suggests changing positions every 30 minutes. Elevate your feet above your heart when sleeping or lounging. Do not cross your legs when sitting.
Lose weight if you are obese, suggests Johns Hopkins Medicine. Participate in 30 minutes of moderate, physical exercise daily. Physical exercise increases muscle tone which improves blood circulation.
Consider non-invasive treatments such as sclerotherapy. Allow a medical professional to inject a saline solution into the enlarged vein. The vein will absorb the solution, harden and then disappear. Additional non-surgical treatments include laser and radiofrequency ablation. Intense heat is shifted onto the varicose vein via a flexible tube catheter inserted into the vein. The heat causes the vein to close off and disappear, according to MedlinePlus.
Remove the effected vein, suggests MayoClinic.com. The procedure, known as vein stripping, involves several small incisions made into the leg to remove the vein. Blood circulation is not reduced, as veins deeper and larger inside the leg are responsible for most blood flow, explains the clinic.
Varicose veins which develop during pregnancy generally disappear within three months after delivery, according to MayoClinic.com.
Treatment options, including surgery, may only be temporary. Additional varicose veins can occur.
According to MedlinePlus, the risks for any medical treatment of varicose veins includes bruising or scarring, nerve injury and the eventual return of the varicose vein.