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Common Ailments of the Skin

By Michelle Kulas ; Updated July 18, 2017

Skin conditions are often itchy, uncomfortable and, in some cases, embarrassing. If you or your child develops a rash or other skin irritation, seek medical advise. Home treatments may be all that is needed, but sometimes skin disorders develop that require prescription medication or treatment by a dermatologist.


Psoriasis is a skin condition that is characterized by a buildup of excess skin cells. If you have psoriasis, your immune system triggers the formation of these extra cells, which pile up on the skin in silver, white or red flaky raised patches. This condition is not contagious, and Skin Care Physicians states that it is a genetic disorder that may be triggered by an internal or external event, such as having strep throat or going through an extremely stressful time. While a person of any age can develop psoriasis, most cases present themselves in those between the ages of 15 and 30. There is no cure for the illness, but a dermatologist can help you to manage your psoriasis.


According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is the most common skin disorder in the United States, affecting 40-50 million Americans. Most cases of acne are in teenagers and young adults. Acne can present as small whiteheads or blackheads, pus-filled pimples or more severe cysts and nodules on the skin. Most of the time, it is caused by hormones, stress and a hereditary disposition. Treatment options include home remedies, over-the-counter or prescription topical medications, steroids and antibiotics.


Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that tends to occur in cycles. Symptoms include redness on the face, small, pimple-like bumps on the cheeks and nose, a swollen or bulbous nose, visible blood vessels on the face and in a few cases, gritty or irritated eyes. Rosacea can be hereditary or caused by the environment, states the Mayo Clinic. It is often exacerbated by drinking alcohol, strenuous exercise, the sun, baths and spicy foods. While rosacea has no cure, your dermatologist can help you to manage your condition by prescribing topical and oral medications.


Eczema, sometimes called dermatitis, is the inflammation and irritation of the skin. It is common in children, half of whom will outgrow it by their teens. Those with a family history of allergies, hay fever or asthma may be more likely to develop eczema, according to Kids Health. Symptoms include itchy, dry skin and raised itchy patches. Avoiding allergens, keeping the skin well-moisturized and topical medications all can help with the symptoms and flare ups of eczema.

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