When your child's skin starts breaking out with pimples, whiteheads or blackheads, you're left wondering where her clear, smooth skin went. Blackheads are embarrassing for some kids as they grow and start to worry more about appearance. Each of these types of acne are caused by the same sorts of issues, according to HealthyChildren.org 467. .
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Blackheads are just one type of acne your child may have to deal with. Your child's pores can sometimes get clogged by things like dead skin, bacteria and oil, according to KidsHealth 12. If this happens and the clogged pore remains opened, the top of whatever is clogging her pores can darken, causing a blackhead to appear on her skin 1. If this pore were to close up on the top, it would cause a whitehead to form instead, notes the American Academy of Dermatology 5.
Acne is very common, with 40 to 50 million American having acne at a time, according to the American Academy of Dermatology 5. It mostly commonly begins during puberty, with eight in 10 preteens and teens dealing with acne, notes KidsHealth 12. Acne often appears during this stage of life because of the hormonal changes that are happening, causing the sebaceous glands to be more active, according to Boston Children's Hospital 3. These glands are located in the dermis and work to secrete oil into your child's skin.
Prevent and minimize the severity of her acne or blackheads, to eliminate the problem. Your child should shower at least two times per day, especially after he's been sweating, advises the American Academy of Dermatology 5. Perspiration can increase the occurrence of acne. While in the shower, have your child wash his skin with a mild soap and warm water. He should use his hands to gently scrub instead of using a washcloth, notes KidsHealth 12. Your child should avoid touching his face with his hands, since this can cause breakouts. Tell your child to avoid getting hair gel or hair spray on his face, since these things can clog his pores.
How to Treat Blackheads
If your child already has blackheads, you can treat them a number of ways. Tell your child to avoid squeezing her blackheads, which can often make them worse, according to HealthyChildren.org 47. Buy your child an over-the-counter blackhead medication made with benzoyl peroxide, which can come in a gel, lotion or wash. Help your child use this medication as directed and keep at it, since it can sometimes take weeks or longer to see results 1. If these medications aren't helping, you may need to take your child to see a dermatologist, who can prescribe her stronger prescription acne medications, such as:
The course of treatment your child's dermatologist recommends will vary depending on her age.
- KidsHealth: Blackhead
- KidsHealth: Acne
- Boston Children's Hospital: Acne
- HealthyChildren.org: What Causes Acne?
- American Academy of Dermatology: Acne, Who Gets and Causes
- HealthyChildren.org: Zits Are the Pits, How Parents Can Help
- HealthyChildren.org: Acne Treatment
- John Hopkins Medicine: Acne in Children
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