Eye floaters are a common and usually harmless phenomenn that affect us all. We have all been distracted by the dark, wiggly lines that interrupt our vision. We try to look at them, but they always manage to avoid being caught in our direct line of sight. Typical to the aging process, eye floaters are the result of changes in the vitreous fluid of the eye. These annoying little squiggles are most noticeable when you are looking at a plain, bright background. In most cases, eye floaters are harmless and require no treatment. However, there are ways to deal with eye floaters.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet, and get plenty of exercise. While there is no way to prevent eye floaters, eating well and exercising promote good eye health. If you have diabetes, are very nearsighted, or have had a cataract operation, you are at risk for floaters.
Ignore them. This may take time, but the longer you ignore eye floaters, the less likely they are to bother you. This can be done by avoiding looking at bright, plain backgrounds when possible. If you have so many eye floaters that your vision is seriously disrupted, move on to step three.
Consult a doctor. Explain the severity of your eye floaters, and whether any new ones have suddenly appeared. Your doctor will discuss the available treatment options and whether treatment is necessary. Available treatments include Vitrectomy and laser treatment. Vitrectomy involves surgically removing the vitreous fluid and replacing it with a salt solution. This procedure is likely to cause a cataract within two or three years of the procedure, so doctors are not likely suggest it for younger patients. Laser treatment is a newer option and has shown some promise. Unfortunately, very few doctors are performing this quick, ten-minute procedure.
If you experience a sudden onset of new floaters accompanied by flashing lights in your peripheral vision, contact a physician immediately. This may be a sign of retinal detachment.