Black mold is not only disgusting to look at -- it's also dangerous to your health. Breathing the mold spores can cause respiratory problems and severe allergic reactions. When you're cleaning mold off a boat or applying a fungicide, wear rubber gloves and a face mask or respirator to protect yourself. Here are some steps to take to remove mold and keep it from returning.
Try a bleach-and-water mixture, or you can opt to use a commercial mold-removing product. Milton, usually used to sterilized baby bottles and toys, can be used to eliminate mold. Molderizer is an organic solution for removing mold and mildew. Star Brite sells a variety of products for controlling the noxious growth. See the Resources section for purchase of these items.
Remove cushions and other items from the area where the mold is growing. Wipe them down and put them in the sun. Spray the mold-removing product on the affected area and let it sit for 20 minutes or the amount of time specified on the bottle.
Use a soft-bristled brush to scrub the affected area. Wash with a hose or a wet towel. Wipe dry, and repeat as necessary. Spray a final coat of mold remover to prevent the yucky stuff from growing again. Leave it on and let it dry.
Use a fungicide to prevent mold from returning. These strong solutions work on a variety of surfaces, such as wood, vinyl and plastic.
If the mold damage is severe and the surface can't be repaired, remove the surface and replace it. Then be sure to keep it clean with a fungicide or mold-removing product.