With one of many different kinds of birth control, one of the most effective is a tubal ligation. A tubal ligation involves surgery where the fallopian tubes are severed. This prevents eggs from traveling from the ovaries to the uterus. As a result an egg cannot fertilize and cannot implant. In order to get pregnant after a tubal ligation surgery may be performed to reconnect the tubes or a woman may choose to undergo in vitro fertilization and thus bypass the tubes altogether.
Have surgery. Microsurgery can be performed in order to try to reverse a tubal ligation. The surgery reconnects the segments of the fallopian tubes that have been severed.
Choose an IVF clinic. IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization is a process where eggs are taken from the body surgically and fertilized outsider the body. This bypasses the fallopian tubes and thus avoids the need for microsurgery.
Take birth control pills. Birth control pills repress ovarian function, so it can be controlled. This enables eggs to be harvested in women undergoing IVF procedures.
Inject fertility medications. Fertility medications are designed to stimulate the ovaries in order to increase the number of eggs that can be harvested. More eggs mean more opportunities for success. Larger numbers of eggs increase the chance of pregnancy because it increases the chance of finding a normal egg that will implant and create a baby.
Visit a fertility clinic for monitoring as necessary. Monitoring is used to measure daily follicle growth. Each follicle could potentially have an egg. Many women can expect to grow 8 to 10 mature eggs per ovary.
Inject hCG. Medication is injected in the hip in order to help trigger ovulation. After an hCG injection eggs should ready to be retrieved from ovaries within 36 hours.
Undergo anesthesia to harvest eggs. Eggs are then fertilized outside the body. The entire procedure should take roughly 20 minutes from start to finish. An patient can expect to be asleep for roughly an hour after egg collection.
Fertilize the eggs. Once the eggs are collected they are fertilized by sperm outside of the uterine cavity. This procedure takes place in a specially created medium designed to foster cell growth.
Place the eggs back in the uterus. A surgeon will place the eggs back in uterus where one may implant and become a baby.