Paranasal sinus disease is an infection of the sinuses that can be quite bothersome for anyone who has contracted it. Fortunately, most cases of paranasal sinus disease respond well to medications that can alleviate the symptoms and, in some instances, the cause of the disease.
Paranasal sinus disease, also called a sinus infection, is a condition that causes inflamed nasal passages, a feeling of pressure in the face, coughing, fever, bad breath, nasal congestion and a thick mucous buildup. Paranasal sinus disease is quite common, and there are a variety of medications, both over-the-counter and prescription, used to treat the condition. The most common form of the disease, acute paranasal sinus disease, can occur more than once a year, but usually not more than three times a year.
There are two types of paranasal sinus disease: acute and chronic. Acute paranasal sinus disease lasts less than two months and occurs fewer than three times per year. Chronic paranasal sinus disease lasts longer than two months and occurs more than four times per year. Mild cases of paranasal sinus disease last as long in duration, but have less severe symptoms. Paranasal sinus disease can be caused either by a bacterial infection or a virus. The cause of the paranasal sinus disease will determine how it should be treated.
As the old adage says, “Prevention is the best medicine.” Preventing paranasal sinus disease is similar to preventing other types of illnesses. Make sure to wash your hands frequently, especially before eating. Reducing stress, eating a healthy diet and keeping yourself physically fit are also great ways to prevent a sinus infection. Also, be sure to get an annual flu shot because individuals who have contracted the flu are especially vulnerable to paranasal sinus disease.
While mild paranasal sinus disease can be bothersome, it is not a severe condition. However, make sure to rest, take any medication prescribed by your doctor, use a humidifier, drink plenty of fluids in order to clear the mucus from your nasal passages, and avoid anything that may irritate your sinuses, such as allergens and smoke.
It is important to consult your doctor even if the symptoms of your paranasal sinus disease are mild. Getting a head start and trying to prevent your mild paranasal sinus disease from turning into a more serious infection is important because sinus infections can at times become serious and chronic sinus infections may need an operation to be corrected. Further, if you are experiencing consistent pressure and inability to clear nasal passages, you should be evaluated for paranasal sinus and naval cavity cancer.