Those that have ever gotten a bladder infection in their lifetime know what a painful and uncomfortable experience it can be. There are several reasons why bladder infections occur and they are different for men and for women. Men can get them due to prostrate problems, while women can obtain bladder infections for simple reasons, such as having sex. One treatment for bladder infections is using sulfonamides. They work fast and can be taken often if you are a patient who gets reoccurring bladder infections.
What is a Bladder Infection?
The entire urinary tract is capable of becoming infected. When bacteria grows in the bladder and multiplies, it can spread throughout the entire urinary tract. This is called a UTI, or urinary tract infection. Bladder infections are the most common infection of the urinary system. It is also referred to as cystitis. If the kidneys get infected, this is known as pyelonephritis. The most common bacteria to cause an infection is called escherichia coli. This bacteria passes through the urethra and ultimately causes an infection in the bladder.
Treating a Bladder Infection With Sulfa Drugs
One of the most common treatments for bladder infections is a sulfa drug, or sulfonamide. Sulfa drugs were designed to treat bacterial infections. The most common use for a sulfa drug is bladder infections. In order to be prescribed a sulfa drug, the bladder infections cannot be caused by a blockage to the urinary system. They are only prescribed for general, and uncomplicated bacterial infections. Your doctor will probably run a test called a urinalysis to detect the type of bacteria in your urine and prescribe the medication according to the test results.
How to Take Sulfa Drugs
Sulfanomides should be taken as directed by your physician. Drink plenty of water with the medication to ensure that the sediment of the medicine does not build up in the kidneys and cause kidney stones. The medication should be taken at constant intervals. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time to take the next dose, skip the missed one and start back at your regular schedule. Never take two doses at once. Sulfanomides generally work quickly and help you feel better fast. Despite feeling better, don't stop taking the medication until the prescribed dosages are finished; this can cause the infection to worsen.
Frequent Bladder Infections and Sulfa Drugs
Some people are more prone to bladder infections; especially women, due to how their urinary system is set up compared to a males. Women have shorter urethras than men, and women typically can get bladder infections after intercourse, not bathing correctly, or even frequent bubble baths. Some doctors will write a standing order for a sulfa medication for a patient who gets frequent bladder infections. This means that the patient knows when they have an infection and can get their sulfa medication filled as needed.
Considerations With Sulfonamides
There are lots of people who cannot take sulfonamides; those that have a hypersensitivity or severe reactions to them. Never take sulfa based medications if you have ever had a negative reaction to one. Sulfa drugs can cause hypersensitivity to sunlight and cause you to break out into a rash or cause your skin to turn red. Sulfa drugs work better when the urine is less acidic, which means you should avoid all foods and vitamins with vitamin C in them. Some patients may experience loss of appetite, or nausea and vomiting on sulfa drugs. If you have any negative reaction while on a sulfa drug, tell your doctor right away.