Unlike conventional gas or electric, induction cooking utilizes electromagnetic cooking elements covered by a ceramic surface. When steel, iron or another ferrous metal container sets on the activated element that burner transfers energy to the pot, making the pan hot. This process is very fast and readily controlled. As soon as you remove the pan from the element - the heat transfer ceases. Induction cooking offers a variety of benefits, particularly to a cook who wants real precision with heat. It also has drawbacks.
The electromagnetic radiation from induction stove tops has given some consumers cause for concern about potential health dangers. However, the induction energy field stays with the pan. In fact, a induction element won't even work without being in contact with a pan. It's very safe, similar to well made microwave ovens.
About the only individuals who may have cause for concern are those with pacemakers. Consult your physician regarding any potential affects from induction radiation. Also, making sure your pans cover the induction coil, and avoiding on-going close proximity when using the stove decreases exposure substantively.
Installation and Power Outtages
Due to the delicate electronics inside induction cookers its recommended that they be installed by professional. This person checks to make sure all cooling components function for safety, that manufacturer instructions get followed in placement and installation, and that you have proper venting. Without proper care, coils are in danger of getting damaged and the stove stops working.
Note that should you ever experience a power outage, cooking is impossible on an induction stove. If you experience this type of issue regularly, induction cookers may not be the best choice for your home.
Inductions stoves cost significantly more than conventional stoves. Even though these stoves offer energy efficiency that alone is not enough to recoup the extra expense. Additionally unless you already have the right equipment, you'll be in danger of replacing all your pots and pans with ones made from ferrous materials, otherwise your stove will not work.
If you dislike intrusive sounds, consumer complaints indicate that some induction stoves have noisy fans and buzzing coils. There is no way to resolve this problem. It's a manufacturing issue.
Limited Cooking Techniques
While its a nice safety feature, the stove turns off every time you remove a pan from the surface. This endangers the success of techniques like deglazing. Sauces may clump or separate.
One of the dangers in working with the glass or ceramic cooking surface of an induction stove is that it scratches easily. Actions like sliding a pan or using an abrasive cleanser leads to damage that's costly to repair.