Sinus infections affect more than 35 people million people a year in the United States, according to ent-consult.com. The sinus cavity is a large empty space in the head, directly behind the eyes, that is made of soft, wet tissue. The tissue has a constant, light layer of mucus that plays an important role in prohibiting dust, pollen and other particles in the air from entering the body. When the sinuses become irritated they enlarge, produce excessive mucus and block off the airway through the nose. If not treated with medication, this condition can lead to an impacted sinus infection.
Sinusitis is considered any irritation, inflammation or infection in the sinus cavities. If not treated, fluid will build in the sinus cavity, causing a potential infection. Once the infection sets in, an individual is advised to see a doctor and begin an antibiotic regimen to clear up the infection as fast as possible. For people who chose not to take antibiotics, they run the risk of complicating matters and allowing it to become impacted. An impacted sinus infection is when the pressure from the sinus infection begins to affect other parts of the body, such as the teeth, the eyes and the brain.
The symptoms of an impacted sinus infection are similar to that of a regular case of sinusitis but with a higher intensity of pain and discomfort. An impacted sinus infection will press on the backside of the eyeballs, making them sore and the leading to fatigue. A person may begin to feel the pressure in his teeth, very much like a cavity. Another symptom is chronic pain in the middle of forehead that can produce migraines. Many times a person with an impacted sinus infection will not experience a runny nose because the sinuses are so congested and irrigated that they are completely clogged.
The most common prevention of an impacted sinus infection is medication. At the very onset of any sinus issue taking a decongestant will help keep the sinus cavity open and clear of excess mucus and irritation. If the decongestant doesn’t alleviate the symptoms of a stuffy or runny nose in two to three days, then it is recommended to see a doctor. If the sinus issues are originating from common allergies, then an over-the-counter antihistamine should take care of the problem. If you recognize symptoms early enough, drinking at least 6 to 8 oz. of water and getting at least eight hours of sleep can help strengthen the immune system.
Complications with an impacted sinus infection are not common if an individual takes antibiotics. In the cases where an individual neglects to see a doctor and get on antibiotics, the infection can spread into the ears, throat and eve then brain, creating a life-threading situation. Infections continue to grow until they are addressed, so without antibiotics a person can end up in the hospital and placed on powerful antibiotics and decongestants to kill the infection and empty the sinus cavity.
The effects of an impacted sinus infection are fatigue, chills and pain throughout the body. The pain typically begins in the head but can affect other aspects of the head like the ears, throat and eyes but can also move quickly into the chest, causing coughing and soreness. Other effects include a runny or clogged nose, bad breath, fever, yellowish discharge and weakness.