Does IBS Cause Low Pelvic Pain?
IBS, or irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting the large intestine. Its symptoms include constipation, abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and diarrhea. Although some of the more common causes of pelvic pain are gynecological, IBS and its symptoms may also contribute to this condition. Finding ways to manage IBS may also relieve the pelvic pain you experience.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
To understand IBS, you must first understand how your intestinal tract works. Layers of muscle line your intestines, contracting and relaxing in a natural rhythm, moving food through your intestinal tract to your rectum where it is then eliminated. If you have IBS, these contractions are stronger, lasting for longer periods of time, explains MayoClinic.com. One of two things can result – food either moves too quickly through your intestinal tract, causing diarrhea, bloating and gas, or it moves too slowly, resulting in constipation. Patients with IBS experience a variety of symptoms, one of which is chronic abdominal pain. It typically presents as a crampy sensation in the lower abdomen with varying degrees of intensity.
- To understand IBS, you must first understand how your intestinal tract works.
- Layers of muscle line your intestines, contracting and relaxing in a natural rhythm, moving food through your intestinal tract to your rectum where it is then eliminated.
Distended Colon Symptoms
Diagnosing pelvic pain can be difficult. It has several causes, the symptoms of each mirroring one another. GYNOB.com explains that appendicitis can cause the same pain as an infection of the fallopian tubes, while irritable bowel syndrome can mimic the pain of endometriosis. Adhesions, which are scarring from internal surgery, is a common cause of pelvic pain as well. They can lead to bowel blockage, which requires emergency treatment.
- Diagnosing pelvic pain can be difficult.
- They can lead to bowel blockage, which requires emergency treatment.
Managing IBS may also help relieve pelvic pain. MayoClinic.com states the exact cause of IBS is not known, but changing your dietary and lifestyle habits can help you manage your symptoms. By taking fiber supplements, you can control constipation, while anti-diarrheal medications control diarrhea. Your doctor can prescribe medication to control spasms in your intestines that cause abdominal pain and cramping. Reducing your consumption of foods high in gas, such as cabbage and broccoli, help prevent bloating and abdominal discomfort as well.
- Managing IBS may also help relieve pelvic pain.
- By taking fiber supplements, you can control constipation, while anti-diarrheal medications control diarrhea.
What Causes Lower Back Pain, Bloating and Gas?
Relieving pelvic pain begins with proper treatment. Due to the number of possible causes, be sure to discuss your symptoms thoroughly with your doctor. Tell him if the pain tends to occur during menstruation, or during a bowel movement. Let him know if you have problems with frequent constipation, diarrhea or both; these are signs of IBS. Give him your family history as well. MayoClinic.com explains that you face an increased risk of IBS if your parent or sibling has this condition
- Relieving pelvic pain begins with proper treatment.
- Due to the number of possible causes, be sure to discuss your symptoms thoroughly with your doctor.
Distended Colon Symptoms
What Causes Lower Back Pain, Bloating and Gas?
Why Does My Food Go Through My Large Intestine Too Fast?
Watery Stool, Diarrhea, Gas, Bloating & Fiber in Food
Quadriceps Exercises for Knee Pain
Can IBS Cause a Constant Burning Hunger Pain?
Lower Stomach Pain and Walnuts
Psyllium & Upper Abdominal Pain
Are There Foods That Are Muscle Relaxants?
What Causes Abdominal Bloating After Eating?
- FamilyDoctor.org; Chronic Pelvic Pain; January 1996
- MayoClinic.com; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; July 2009
- GYNOB.com: Pelvic Pain: Causes and Treatment
- Cleveland Clinic: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Colon and Rectal Specialists of Dallas: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Kruszka PS, Kruszka SJ. Evaluation of acute pelvic pain in women. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(2):141-7.
- Origoni M, Leone roberti maggiore U, Salvatore S, Candiani M. Neurobiological mechanisms of pelvic pain. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:903848. doi:10.1155/2014/903848
- Sivalingam VN, Duncan WC, Kirk E, Shephard LA, Horne AW. Diagnosis and management of ectopic pregnancy. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2011;37(4):231-40. doi:10.1136/jfprhc-2011-0073
- Das BB, Ronda J, Trent M. Pelvic inflammatory disease: improving awareness, prevention, and treatment. Infect Drug Resist. 2016;9:191-7. doi:10.2147/IDR.S91260
- Bloski T, Pierson R. Endometriosis and Chronic Pelvic Pain: Unraveling the Mystery Behind this Complex Condition. Nurs Womens Health. 2008;12(5):382-95. doi:10.1111/j.1751-486X.2008.00362.x
- Williams ARW. Uterine fibroids - what's new? F1000Res. 2017;6:2109. doi:10.12688/f1000research.12172.1
- Liu X, Song L, Wang J, Liu Q, Liu Y, Zhang X. Diagnostic utility of CT in differentiating between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage. J Ovarian Res. 2018;11(1):5. doi:10.1186/s13048-017-0374-8
- Cleveland Clinic. Mittelschmerz. 2015.
- Huang C, Hong MK, Ding DC. A review of ovary torsion. Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2017;29(3):143-147. doi:10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_55_17
- Devlin SM, Diehr PH, Andersen MR, Goff BA, Tyree PT, Lafferty WE. Identification of ovarian cancer symptoms in health insurance claims data. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010;19(3):381-9. doi:10.1089/jwh.2009.1550
- Pakish JB, Lu KH, Sun CC, et al. Endometrial Cancer Associated Symptoms: A Case-Control Study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2016;25(11):1187-1192. doi:10.1089/jwh.2015.5657
- Shapley M, Jordan J, Croft PR. A systematic review of postcoital bleeding and risk of cervical cancer. Br J Gen Pract. 2006;56(527):453-60.
- Louis MA, Doubleday AR, Lin E, Baek JY, Andoni A, Wang XH. Abdominal Pain in the Female Patient: A Case of Concurrent Acute Appendicitis and Ruptured Endometrioma. Case Rep Surg. 2016;2016:2156148. doi:10.1155/2016/2156148
- Choung RS, Herrick LM, Locke GR, Zinsmeister AR, Talley NJ. Irritable bowel syndrome and chronic pelvic pain: a population-based study. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010;44(10):696-701. doi:10.1097/MCG.0b013e3181d7a368
- Faubion SS, Shuster LT, Bharucha AE. Recognition and management of nonrelaxing pelvic floor dysfunction. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012;87(2):187-93. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2011.09.004
- Collée G, Dijkmans BA, Vandenbroucke JP, Cats A. Iliac crest pain syndrome in low back pain: frequency and features. J Rheumatol. 1991;18(7):1064-7.
- Rowe TA, Juthani-mehta M. Diagnosis and management of urinary tract infection in older adults. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2014;28(1):75-89. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2013.10.004
- Parmar MS. Kidney stones. BMJ. 2004;328(7453):1420-4. doi:10.1136/bmj.328.7453.1420
- Bernardi M, Lazzeri L, Perelli F, Reis FM, Petraglia F. Dysmenorrhea and related disorders. F1000Res. 2017;6:1645. doi:10.12688/f1000research.11682.1
- Bates CK, Carroll N, Potter J. The challenging pelvic examination. J Gen Intern Med. 2011;26(6):651-7. doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1610-8
- Hsu AL, Khachikyan I, Stratton P. Invasive and noninvasive methods for the diagnosis of endometriosis. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2010;53(2):413-9. doi:10.1097/GRF.0b013e3181db7ce8
- Udoji MA, Ness TJ. New directions in the treatment of pelvic pain. Pain Manag. 2013;3(5):387-94. doi:10.2217/pmt.13.40
- American Cancer Society. (2016). Signs and Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer.
- American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (2011). Chronic Pelvic Pain.
- Faubion SS, Shuster LT, Bharucha. Recognition and Management of Nonrelaxing Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012 Feb;87(2):187-93.
- Kruszka PS, Kruszka SJ. Evaluation of Acute Pelvic Pain in Women. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Jul 15;82(2):141-47.
Based in Jamestown, Pa., Hannah Rice Myers has more than 10 years of experience as a freelance writer, specializing in the health industry. Many of her articles have appeared in newspapers, as well as "Curing Epilepsy: Hope Through Research." Rice Myers received her master's degree in nursing from Upstate Medical University in 2001.